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Psychology: Core Concepts with DSM-5 Update, 7th Edition

By Philip G. Zimbardo, Robert Johnson, Vivian McCann

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Dec 6, 2013


Where great science meets great teaching


Psychology: Core Concepts, 7/eprovides rich coverage of the foundational topics taught for introductory psychology. Each major section of every chapter is organized around a single concept, called a Core Concept. The Core Concepts allow readers to draw connections across the chapter and see the big picture of psychology. Learning is then reinforced through focused application and critical thinking activities. The 7th edition features an enhanced critical thinking emphasis, with new chapter-opening "Problems" and new end-of-chapter critical thinking applications that promote active learning.


MyPsychLab is an integral part of the Zimbardo / Johnson / McCann Hamilton program. Engaging activities and assessments provide a teaching and learning system that helps students think critically. With MyPsychLab, students can watch videos on psychological research and applications, participate in virtual classic experiments, and develop critical thinking skills through writing.


This title is available in a variety of formats - digital and print. Pearson offers its titles on the devices students love through Pearson's MyLab products, CourseSmart, Amazon, and more. To learn more about pricing options and customization, click the Choices tab.


Table of Contents






Chapter 1: Mind, Behavior, and Psychological Science

Chapter 2: Biopsychology, Neuroscience, and Human Nature 

Chapter 3: Sensation and Perception

Chapter 4: Learning and Human Nature

Chapter 5: Memory

Chapter 6: Thinking and Human Intelligence

Chapter 7: Development over the Lifespan

Chapter 8: States of Consciousness

Chapter 9: Motivation and Emotion

Chapter 10: Personality: Theories of the Whole Person

Chapter 11: Social Psychology 

Chapter 12: Psychological Disorders

Chapter 13: Therapies for Psychological Disorders

Chapter 14: Stress, Health, and Well-Being 




Chapter 1: Mind, Behavior, and Psychological Science  

1.1 What Is Psychology – And What Is It Not?  

            Psychology: It’s More than You Think 

            Psychology Is Not Psychiatry 

            Thinking Critically about Psychology and Pseudopsychology 

            Psychology Matters: Using Psychology to Learn Psychology

1.3 What Are Psychology’s Six Main Perspectives? 

            Separation of Mind and Body and the Modern Biological Perspective  

            The Founding of Scientific Psychology and the Modern Cognitive Perspective  

            The Behavioral Perspective: Focusing on Observable Behavior  

            The Whole-Person Perspectives: Psychodynamic, Humanistic, Trait and Temperament   

            The Developmental Perspective: Changes Arising from Nature and Nurture 

            The Sociocultural Perspective: The Individual in Context 

            The Changing Face of Psychology 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Psychology as a Major

1.2 How Do Psychologists Develop New Knowledge?  

            Four Steps in the Scientific Method

            Five Types of Psychological Research 

            Controlling Biases in Psychological Research  

            Ethical Issues in Psychological Research  

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: The Perils of Pseudopsychology

Critical Thinking Applied: Facilitated Communication 

Chapter Summary 

Discovering Psychology Viewing Guide


Chapter 2: Biopsychology, Neuroscience, and Human Nature 

2.1 How Are Genes and Behavior Linked? 

            Evolution and Natural Selection 

            Genetics and Inheritance 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Choosing Your Children’s Genes

2.2 How Does the Body Communicate Internally?  

            The Neuron: Building Block of the Nervous System 

            The Nervous System 

            The Endocrine System 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: How Psychoactive Drugs Affect the Nervous     System 

2.3 How Does the Brain Produce Behavior and Mental Processes?  

            Windows on the Brain 

            Three Layers of the Brain

            Lobes of the Cerebral Cortex  

            Cerebral Dominance 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Using Psychology to Learn Psychology

Critical Thinking Applied: Left Brain vs. Right Brain 

Chapter Summary

Discovering Psychology Viewing Guide


Chapter 4:  Learning and Human Nurture  

4.1 What Sort of Learning Does Classical Conditioning Explain?

            The Essentials of Classical Conditioning 

            Applications of Classical Conditioning 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Taste Aversions and Chemotherapy 

4.2 How Do We Learn New Behaviors by Operant Conditioning?  

            Skinner’s Radical Behaviorism   

            The Power of Reinforcement 

            The Problem of Punishment 

            A Checklist for Modifying Operant Behavior 

            Operant and Classical Conditioning Compared 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Using Psychology to Learn Psychology 

4.3 How Does Cognitive Psychology Explain Learning?  

            Insight Learning: Köhler in the Canaries with the Chimps 

            Cognitive Maps: Tolman Finds out What’s on a Rat’s Mind 

            Observational Learning: Bandura’s Challenge to Behaviorism  

            Rethinking Behavioral Learning in Cognitive Terms   

            Brain Mechanisms and Learning 

            “Higher” Cognitive Learning 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Fear of Flying Revisited 

Critical Thinking Applied: Do Different People Have Different “Learning Styles”? 

Chapter Summary 

Discovering Psychology Viewing Guide 


Chapter 5: Memory

5.1 What Is Memory?  

            Metaphors for Memory  

            Memory’s Three Basic Tasks 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Would You Want a “Photographic” Memory?

5.2 How Do We Form Memories? 

            The First Stage: Sensory Memory 

            The Second Stage: Working Memory

            The Third Stage: Long-Term Memory 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: “Flashbulb” Memories: Where Were You When…?

5.3 How Do We Retrieve Memories?  

            Implicit and Explicit Memory 

            Retrieval Cues 

            Other Factors Affecting Retrieval 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: On the Tip of Your Tongue 

5.4 Why Does Memory Sometimes Fail Us? 

            Transience: Fading Memories Cause Forgetting 

            Absent-Mindedness: Lapses of Attention Cause Forgetting  

            Blocking: Access Problems 

            Misattribution: Memories in the Wrong Context 

            Suggestibility: External Cues Distort or Create Memories 

            Bias: Beliefs, Attitudes, and Opinions Distort Memories 

            Persistence: When We Can’t Forget 

            The Advantages of the “Seven Sins” of Memory 

            Improving Your Memory with Mnemonics 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Using Psychology to Learn Psychology 

Critical Thinking Applied: The Recovered Memory Controversy 

Chapter Summary 

Discovering Psychology Viewing Guide 


Chapter 6: Thinking and Intelligence  

6.1 What Are the Components of Thought?  


            Imagery and Cognitive Maps  

            Thought and the Brain 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Schemas and Scripts Help You Know What to Expect 

6.2 What Abilities Do Good Thinkers Possess?  

            Problem Solving 

            Judging and Making Decisions  

            On Becoming a Creative Genius 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Using Psychology to Learn Psychology 

6.3 How Is Intelligence Measured?  

            Binet and Simon Invent a School Abilities Test 

            American Psychologists Borrow Binet and Simon’s Idea  

            Problems with the IQ Formula   

            Calculating IQs “on the Curve”   

            IQ Testing Today 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: What Can You Do for an Exceptional Child? 

6.4 Is Intelligence One or Many Abilities?  

            Psychometric Theories of Intelligence   

            Cognitive Theories of Intelligence  

            Cultural Definitions of Intelligence 

            Animals Can Be Intelligent–But Do They Think? 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Test Scores and the Self-Fulfilling Prophecy 

6.5 How Do Psychologists Explain IQ Differences Among Groups?  

            Intelligence and the Politics of Immigration 

            What Evidence Shows That Intelligence Is Influenced by Heredity? 

            What Evidence Shows That Intelligence is Influenced by Environment? 

            Heritability (Not Heredity) and Group Differences 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Stereotype Threat 

Critical Thinking Applied: The Question of Gender Differences 

Chapter Summary 

Discovering Psychology Viewing Guide 


Chapter 7: Development Over the Lifespan 

7.1 What Innate Abilities Does the Infant Possess?  

            Prenatal Development

            The Neonatal Period: Abilities of the Newborn Child  

            Infancy: Building on the Neonatal Blueprint 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Not Just Fun and Games: The Role of Child’s Play in Life Success

7.2 What are the Developmental Tasks of Childhood?  

            How Children Acquire Language 

            Cognitive Development: Piaget’s Theory 

            Social and Emotional Development 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: The Puzzle of ADHD 

7.3 What Changes Mark the Transition of Adolescence?  

            Adolescence and Culture 

            Physical Maturation in Adolescence 

            Adolescent Sexuality 

            Neural and Cognitive Development in Adolescence 

            Moral Development: Kohlberg’s Theory 

            Social and Emotional Issues in Adolescence

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Using Psychology to Learn Psychology 

7.4 What Developmental Challenges Do Adults Face?  

            Early Adulthood: Explorations, Autonomy, and Intimacy  

            The Challenges of Midlife: Complexity and Generativity  

            Late Adulthood: The Age of Integrity 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: A Look Back at the Jim Twins and Your Own Development

Critical Thinking Applied: The Mozart Effect 

Chapter Summary 

Discovering Psychology Viewing Guide 


Chapter 8: States of Consciousness 

8.1 How Is Consciousness Related to Other Mental Processes? 

            Tools for Studying Consciousness

            Models of the Conscious and Nonconscious Minds 

            What Does Consciousness Do for Us? 

            Coma and Related States 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Using Psychology to Learn Psychology 

8.2 What Cycles Occur in Everyday Consciousness?  


            Sleep: The Mysterious Third of Our Lives 

            Dreaming: The Pageants of the Night 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Sleep Disorders

8.3 What Other Forms Can Consciousness Take?  



            Psychoactive Drug States 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Dependence and Addiction 

Critical Thinking Applied: The Unconscious–Reconsidered 

Chapter Summary 

Discovering Psychology Viewing Guide 


Chapter 9: Motivation and Emotion

9.1 What Motivates Us?

            Why People Work: McClelland’s Theory

            The Unexpected Effects of Rewards on Motivation

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Using Psychology to Learn Psychology 

9.2 How Are Our Motivational Priorities Determined?

            Instinct Theory

            Drive Theory

            Freud’s Psychodynamic Theory

            Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

            Putting It All Together: A New Hierarchy of Needs

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Determining What Motivates Others

9.3 Where Do Hunger and Sex Fit into the Motivational Hierarchy?

            Hunger: A Homeostatic Drive and a Psychological Motive

            The Problem of Will Power and Chocolate Cookies     

            Sexual Motivation: An Urge You Can Live Without 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: The What and Why of Sexual Orientation

9.4 How Do Our Emotions Motivate Us?

            What Emotions Are Made Of

            What Emotions Do for Us

            Counting the Emotions

            Cultural Universals in Emotional Expression

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Gender Differences in Emotion Depend on Both Biology and Culture 

9.5 What Processes Control Our Emotions?

            The Neuroscience of Emotion 

            Arousal, Performance, and the Inverted U

            Theories of Emotion: Resolving Some Old Issues 

            How Much Conscious Control Do We Have over Our Emotions?

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Detecting Deception

Critical Thinking Applied: Do Lie Detectors Really Detect Lies? 

Chapter Summary 

Discovering Psychology Viewing Guide 


Chapter 10:   Personality: Theories of the Whole Person

10.1 What Forces Shape Our Personalities?  

            Biology, Human Nature, and Personality 

            The Effects of Nurture: Personality and the Environment 

            The Effects of Nature: Dispositions and Mental Processes  

            Social and Cultural Contributions to Personality 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Explaining Unusual People and Unusual Behavior

10.2 What Persistent Patterns, or Dispositions, Make Up Our Personalities? 

            Personality and Temperament 

            Personality as a Composite of Traits 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Finding Your Type 

10.3 What Mental Processes Help Shape Our Personalities?  

            Psychodynamic Theories: Emphasis on Motivation and Mental Disorder 

            Humanistic Theories: Emphasis on Human Potential and Mental Health 

            Social-Cognitive Theories: Emphasis on Social Learning 

            Current Trends: The Person in a Social System

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Using Psychology to Learn Psychology

10.4 What “Theories” Do People Use to Understand Themselves and Others?  

            Implicit Personality Theories 

            Self-Narratives: The Stories of Our Lives 

            The Effects of Culture on Our Views of Personality 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: The Personality of Time

Critical Thinking Applied: The Person-Situation Controversy 

Chapter Summary 

Discovering Psychology Viewing Guide 


Chapter 11: Social Psychology  

11.1 How Does the Social Situation Affect Our Behavior?  

            Social Standards of Behavior 


            Obedience to Authority 

            Cross-Cultural Tests of Milgram’s Research 

            Some Real-World Extensions of the Milgram Obedience to Authority Paradigm   

            The Bystander Problem: The Evil of Inaction 

            Need Help? Ask for It! 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: On Being “Shoe” at Yale U 

11.2 Constructing Social Reality: What Influences Our Judgments of Others? 

            Interpersonal Attraction 

            Loving Relationships 

            Making Cognitive Attributions 

            Prejudice and Discrimination 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Stereotype Lift and Values Affirmations

11.3 How Do Systems Create Situations that Influence Behavior?  

            The Stanford Prison Experiment   

            Chains of System Command 

            Preventing Bullying by Systematic Changes and Reframing        

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Using Psychology to Learn Psychology 

Critical Thinking Applied: Is Terrorism “A Senseless Act of Violence, Perpetrated by Crazy Fanatics”? 

Chapter Summary 

Discovering Psychology Viewing Guide


Chapter 12: Psychological Disorders  

12.1 What Is Psychological Disorder?  

            Changing Concepts of Psychological Disorder  

            Indicators of Abnormality

            A Caution to Readers 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: The Plea of Insanity 

12.2 How Are Psychological Disorders Classified in the DSM-IV?  

            Overview of the DSM-IV Classification System 

            Mood Disorders 

            Anxiety Disorders  

            Somatoform Disorders   

            Dissociative Disorders 


            Developmental Disorders

            Personality Disorders

            Adjustment Disorders and Other Conditions: The Biggest Category of Them All 

            Gender Differences in Mental Disorders           

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Shyness 

12.3 What Are the Consequences of Labeling People?  

            Diagnostic Labels, Labeling, and Depersonalization 

            The Cultural Context of Psychological Disorder 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Using Psychology to Learn Psychology 

Critical Thinking Applied: Insane Places Revisited—Another Look at the Rosenhan Study 

Chapter Summary 

Discovering Psychology Viewing Guide 


Chapter 13: Therapies for Psychological Disorders  

13.1 What Is Therapy?  

          Entering Therapy   

          The Therapeutic Alliance and the Goals of Therapy  

          Therapy in Historical and Cultural Context 

          PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Paraprofessionals Do Therapy, Too 

13.2 How Do Psychologists Treat Psychological Disorders?  

          Insight Therapies 

          Behavior Therapies   

          Cognitive–Behavioral Therapy: A Synthesis 

          Evaluating the Psychological Therapies 

          PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Where Do Most People Get Help? 

13.3 How Is the Biomedical Approach Used to Treat Psychological Disorders?  

          Drug Therapy 

          Other Medical Therapies for Psychological Disorders 

          Hospitalization and the Alternatives 

          PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: What Sort of Therapy Would You Recommend? 

13.4 How Do the Psychological Therapies and Biomedical Therapies Compare?   

          Depression  and Anxiety Disorders: Psychological versus Medical Treatment  

          Schizophrenia: Psychological versus Medical Treatment 

          "The Worried Well" and Other Problems: Not Everyone Needs Drugs 

          PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Using Psychology to Learn Psychology 

Critical Thinking Applied: Evidence-Based Practice 

Chapter Summary 

Discovering Psychology Viewing Guide 


Chapter 14: From Stress to Health, and Well-Being  

14.1 What Causes Distress?  

            Traumatic Stressors 

            Chronic Stressors 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Student Stress 

14.2 How Does Stress Affect Us Physically?  

            Physiological Responses to Stress 

            Stress and the Immune System 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Cognitive Appraisal of Ambiguous Threats

14.3 Who Is Most Vulnerable to Stress?  

            Type A Personality and Hostility 

            Locus of Control  




            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Using Psychology to Learn Psychology 

14.4 How Can We Transform Negative Stress into Positive Life Strategies?

            Psychological Coping Strategies 

            Positive Lifestyle Choices: A “Two-for-One” Benefit to Your Health 

            Putting It All Together: Developing Happiness and Subjective Well-Being 

            PSYCHOLOGY MATTERS: Behavioral Medicine and Health Psychology

Critical Thinking Applied: Is Change Really Hazardous to Your Health? 

Chapter Summary 

Discovering Psychology Viewing Guide

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