1. Introduction to Land Mobile Radio.
Conventional Land Mobile Radio (Two-Wav). Commercial Trunked Radio. The Need for Land Mobile Radio. Locations of Commercial Trunked Radio Systems.
North America. Europe/Eurasia. Central and South America and the Caribbean. Asia-Pacific. Africa/Middle East.
Commercial Trunked Radio Services.
Voice. Dispatch. Paging and Messaging. Data.
Commercial Trunked Radio Standards.
Analog Systems. Digital Systems.
Trunked Mobile Radio Equipment. Commercial Trunked Radio Users. Commercial Trunked Radio Equipment Suppliers. Trunked Radio Competition. Radio Spectrum Regulation. Summary. 2. SMR Technology and Evolution.
Mobile Radio Systems.
Conventional Two-Way Radio. Trunked Radio. Enhanced Specialized Mobile Radio (ESMR).
Analog. Digital. Simplex Systems. Semi-Duplex Systems. Full Duplex Systems. Repeater Systems. Community Repeater Systems. Conventional System Enhancements.
Public Safety. Emergency. Industrial. Utilities. Transportation. Marine. Local Dispatch. Business Radio Services. Location Tracking. Environemental. Security. 3. Analog Land Mobile Radio Systems.
Logic Trunked Radio (LTR). SmartWorks. SmartNet. SmarTrunk. SmartZone. LTR-Net. Multi-Net II. PassPort. APCO. ESAS. MPT. 4. Digital LMR Technology.
Digital System Advantages.
Increased Capacity. New Features. Digital Transmission Quality. Security and Voice Privacy. Economic Benefits.
System Access Technologies.
Frequency Division Multiple Access (FDMA). Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA). Spread Spectrum (FHMA and CDMA).
Amplitude Modulation (AM). Frequency Modulation (FM). Phase Modulation (PM). Combined Phase and Amplitude Modulation.
Radio Channel Types.
Traffic (or Voice) Channels. Control.
Duplex Operation. Voice Processing/Speech Coding. Channel Coding (Error Detection and Correction).
Block Coding. Convolutional Coding.
RF Power Level Control. Dynamic Time Alignment. Spectral Efficiency. System Efficiency. System Security and Privacy. Dual Mode Systems. Signaling.
In-Band Signaling. Out-of-Band Signaling. Logical Channels.
Carrier Controlled Squelch System. Tone Controlled Squelch System. Digital Squelch System. 5. Digital LMR Systems.
iDEN. EDACS. TETRA. TETRA POL. Project 25. 6. Land Mobile Radios.
Analog Audio Signal Processing. Digital Audio Signal Processing. Speech Coding. Error Protection. Radio Signal Processing. Display Technology.
Gain. Antenna Loaded Coils.
External Microphone. External Speaker. Modems and Data Adapters. Battery Chargers. Software Download Transfer Equipment. Subscriber Identity Cards.
Vehicle Power Supplies. Line Voltage Power Supplies. Batteries.
Digital Land Mobile Radio. 7. Land Mobile Radio Systems.
Land Mobile Radio System Equipment.
Base Stations. Antenna Towers. Repeater Relays. Dispatch Consoles. Switching Centers. Databases. System Security.
Radio Simulcasting. Offset Radio Channel. Frequency Reuse. Handoff. Voting Receivers. Upgrading Conventional LMR to Trunked Radio Systems. Integrated and Overlay. Sub-Rate Multiplexing. Distributed Switching. Echo Cancelers.
LMR System Interconnections.
Public Telephone Network. Dispatch Center. Data Networks. Voice and Fax Mail Systems. Customer Service Center.
Strategic Planning. Radio Propagation. Frequency Planning. System Testing and Verification. 8. LMR Economics.
Land Mobile Radios.
Development Costs. Cost of Production. Patent Royalty Cost. Marketing Cost. Post-Sales Support. Manufacturers' Profit.
Development Costs. Cost of Production. Patent Royalty Cost. Marketing Costs. Post-Sales Support. Manufacturer's Profit.
System Capital Cost.
Radio Site. System Operations Center.
System Operational Cost.
Leasing and Maintaining Communication Lines. Local and Long-Distance Tariffs. Billing Services. Operations, Administration and Maintenance (OA&M). Land and Site Leasing. Service Revenue Potential. System Cost to the Service Provider. Voice Service Cost to the Consumer. Data Service Cost to the Consumer. Mobile Radio Cost to the Consumer. Availability of Equipment. Distribution and Retail Channels.
Market Growth. 9. Future LMR Technologies.
Voice Paging. High Speed Packet Systems. Digital Channel Multicarrier Architecture (DC/MATM). Spatial Division Multiple Access (SDMA). Dual Technology Mobile Radios. 10. Advanced LMR Services.
Point-to-Point Messaging. Point-to-Multi-Point Messaging. Broadcast Messaging. Executable Messages.
Circuit Switched Data. Packet Switched Data. Fax Delivery. Telemetry/Monitoring. Remote Control.
Photo Transfer. Video Transfer.
System Position Location. External Position Location.
Voice Dispatch. Computer-Aided Dispatch. Appendix I. Acronyms. Appendix II. Industry Standards.
United States. Australia. Brazil. Canada. Colombia. France. Germany. Hong Kong. Italy. Mexico. Latin America (via Miami). Nordic. South Africa. United Kingdom.
TERRESTRIAL TRUNKED RADIO (TETRA). ENHANCED DIGITAL ACCESS COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM (EDACS). INTEGRATED DIGITAL ENHANCED NETWORK (iDEN). APCO 25. GENERAL LAND MOBILE RADIO. Appendix III. Associations. Index.