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Public Policy Analysis: An Introduction, 4th Edition

By William N. Dunn

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Oct 1, 2007

Table of Contents

Preface to the Third Edition 

 

CHAPTER 1: The Process of Policy Analysis 

  • The Process of Policy Inquiry 
  • Multidisciplinary Policy Analysis
    • Policy-Relevant Information
    • Policy-Informational Transformations
    • Policy-Analytic Methods
  • Three Cases of Policy Analysis
  • Forms of Policy Analysis
    • Retrospective and Prospective Analysis
    • Descriptive and Normative Analysis
    • Problem Finding and Problem Solving 
    • Segmented and Integrative
  • The Practice of Policy Analysis
    • Reconstructed Logic versus
    • Methodological Opportunity Costs
  • Critical Thinking and Public Policy 
    • The Structure of Policy Arguments
    • Dynamics of Argumentation, Public Discourse, and Debate  
  • Chapter Summary  
  • Learning Objectives  
  • Key Terms and Concepts
  • Review Questions 
  • Demonstration Exercise  
  • References 
  • Case 1. Multidisciplinary Policy Analysis—Benefits, Costs, and Consequences of Highway Safety

 

CHAPTER 2: Policy Analysis in the Policy-Making Process 

  • Some Historical Background
    • Early Origins 
    • The Nineteenth-Century Transformation
    • The Twentieth Century—And Beyond
  • The Policy-Making Process  
  • Models of Policy Change
    • Comprehensive Economic Rationality   
    • Second-Best Rationality
    • Disjointed Incrementalism 
    • Bounded Rationality
    • Mixed Scanning 
    • Erotetic Rationality
    • Critical Convergence
    • Punctuated Equilibrium
  • Policy Analysis in the Policy Process
    • Potential Uses of Analysis
    • Uses of Analysis in Practice
  • Chapter Summary 
  • Learning Objectives
  • Key Terms and Concepts
  • Review Questions
  • Demonstration Exercise 
  • References
  • Case 2. Are Policy Analysts Technocrats? 

 

CHAPTER 3: Structuring Policy Problems

  • Nature of Policy Problems
  • Beyond Problem Solving
    • Characteristics of Problems
    • Problems verses Issues
    • Three Classes of Policy Problems
  • Problem Structuring in Policy Analysis
    • Creativity in Problem Structuring
    • Phases of Problem Structuring
    • Errors of the Third Type (EIII)
  • Policy Models and Problem Structuring
    • Descriptive Models 
    • Normative Models
    • Verbal Models
    • Symbolic Models
    • Procedural Models
    • Models as Surrogates and Perspectives
  • Methods of Problem Structuring
    • Boundary Analysis 
    • Classificational Analysis
    • Hierarchy Analysis
    • Synectics
    • Brainstorming
    • Multiple Perspective Analysis
    • Assumptional Analysis
    • Argumentation Mapping
  • Chapter Summary
  • Learning Objectives 
  • Key Terms and Concepts
  • Review Questions
  • Demonstration Exercise
  • References 
  • Case 3. Problem Structuring in Mine Safety and Health, Traffic Safety, and Job Training

 

CHAPTER 4: Forecasting Expected Policy Outcomes

  • Forecasting in Policy Analysis
    • Aims of Forecasting
    • Limitations of Forecasting
  • Types of Futures
    • Goals and Objectives of Normative Futures
    • Sources of Goals, Objectives, and Alternatives
  • Approaches to Forecasting
    • Objects
    • Bases
    • Choosing Methods and Techniques
  • Extrapolative Forecasting 
    • Classical Time-Series Analysis
    • Linear Trend Estimation
    • Nonlinear Time Series 
    • Exponential Weighting 
    • Data Transformation
    • Catastrophe Methodology
  • Theoretical Forecasting
    • Theory Mapping
    • Theoretical Modeling
    • Causal Modeling
    • Regression Analysis
    • Point and Interval Estimation
    • Correlational Analysis
  • Judgmental Forecasting
    • The Delphi Technique
    • Cross-Impact Analysis
    • Feasibility Assessment
  • Chapter Summary
  • Learning Objectives
  • Key Terms and Concepts
  • Review Questions
  • Demonstration Exercise
  • References
  • Case 4. Political Consequences of Forecasting: Environmental Justice and Urban Mass Rapid Transit

 

CHAPTER 5: Recommending Preferred Policies

  • Recommendation in Policy Analysis
  • Recommendation and Multiple Advocacy
    • Simple Model of Choice
    • Complex Model of Choice
    • Forms of Rationality
    • Criteria for Policy Recommendation
  • Approaches to Recommendation
    • Public versus Private Choice
    • Supply and Demand 
    • Public Choice
    • Cost-Benefit Analysis
    • Types of Costs and Benefits
    • Tasks in Cost-Benefit Analysis 
    • Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
  • Methods and Techniques for Recommendation
    • Objectives Mapping
    • Value Clarification
    • Value Critique
    • Cost Element Structuring 
    • Cost Estimation
    • Shadow Pricing 
    • Constraint Mapping 
    • Cost Internalization
    • Discounting
    • Sensitivity Analysis
    • A Fortiori Analysis
    • Plausibility Analysis
  • Chapter Summary
  • Learning Objectives
  • Key Terms and Concepts
  • Review Questions
  • Demonstration Exercise
  • References
  • Case 5. Saving Time, Lives, and Gasoline: Benefits and Costs of the National Maximum Speed Limit 

 

CHAPTER 6:    Monitoring Observed Policy Outcomes

  • Monitoring in Policy Analysis
    • Sources of Information
    • Types of Policy Outcomes
    • Types of Policy Actions
    • Definitions and Indicators
  • Approaches to Monitoring
    • Social Systems Accounting
    • Social Experimentation
    • Social Auditing 
    • Research and Practice Synthesis 
  • Techniques for Monitoring
    • Graphic Displays 
    • The Gini Index
    • Tabular Displays
    • Index Numbers
    • Interrupted Time-Series Analysis
    • Control-Series Analysis
    • Regression-Discontinuity Analysis
  • Chapter Summary
  • Learning Objectives
  • Key Terms and Concepts
  • Review Questions
  • Demonstration Exercise
  • References 
  • Case 6. Rival Explanations of Policy Outcomes: The Political Economy of Traffic Fatalities in Europe and the United States    

 

CHAPTER 7: Evaluating Policy Performance

  • Ethics and Values in Policy Analysis
    • Thinking about Values
    • Ethics and Metaethics
    • Standards of Conduct
  • Descriptive Ethics, Normative Ethics and Metaethics
    • Descriptive Value Typologies
    • Developmental Value Typologies
    • Normative Theories
    • Metaethical Theories 
  • Evaluation in Policy Analysis
    • The Nature of Evaluation
    • Functions of Evaluation 
    • Criteria for Policy Evaluation 
  • Approaches to Evaluation 
    • Pseudo-evaluation 
    • Formal Evaluation
    • Varieties of Formal Evaluation
    • Decision-Theoretic Evaluation
  • Methods For Evaluation
  • Chapter Summary 
  • Learning Objectives
  • Key Terms and Concepts 
  • Review Questions 
  • Demonstration Exercise 
  • References
  • Case 7. Living Wage Policies in the United States 

 

CHAPTER 8: Developing Policy Arguments

  • The Structure of Policy Arguments
    • Types of Knowledge Claims
    • The Underdetermination of Conclusions by Information
    • Warrants, Backings, and Rebuttals
  • Modes of Policy Argumentation
    • Argumentation from Authority
    • Argumentation from Method
    • Argumentation from Generalization
    • Argumentation from Classification 
    • Argumentation from Cause
    • Argumentation from Sign 
    • Argumentation from Motivation
    • Argumentation from Intuition
    • Argumentation from Analogy
    • Argumentation from Parallel Case
    • Argumentation from Ethics
  • Evaluating Policy Arguments
    • Some Hermeneutic Guidelines
    • Guidelines from Informal and Formal Logic
    • Systems of Argumentation
  • Chapter Summary
  • Learning Objectives
  • Key Terms and Concepts
  • Review Questions
  • Demonstration Exercises
  • References
  • Case 8. Pros and Cons of Intervention in the Balkans 

CHAPTER 9: Communicating Policy Analysis

  • The Process of Policy Communication
    • Tasks in Policy Documentation 
    • Tasks in Oral Presentations and Briefings
  • The Policy Issue Paper
    • Issues Addressed in the Policy Issue Paper
    • Elements of the Policy Issue Paper
    • The Policy Memorandum
    • The Executive Summary
  • The Letter of Transmittal 
  • The Oral Briefing and Visual Displays
  • Policy Analysis in the Policy-Making Process
    • Characteristics of Information 
    • Modes of Inquiry
    • Structure of Problems
    • Political and Bureaucratic Structures
    • Interactions among Stakeholders
  • Chapter Summary
  • Learning Objectives
  • Key Terms and Concepts
  • Review Questions
  • Demonstration Exercise
  • References
  • Case 9. Adopting the EPA Lead Standard: Communicating Technical Analyses to Multiple Audiences

 

Appendix 1  The Policy Issue Paper

Appendix 2  The Executive Summary

Appendix 3  The Policy Memorandum

Appendix 4  Planning Oral Briefings

Author Index

Subject Index

These online resources are available at no cost.

Companion Website for Public Policy Analysis: An Introduction, 4th Edition

http://www.policyonline.org

This title is also sold in the various packages listed below. Before purchasing one of these packages, speak with your professor about which one will help you be successful in your course.

Package ISBN-13: 9780205249497

Includes this title packaged with:

  • Policy Analysis: Concepts and Practice, 5th Edition
    David Weimer, Aidan R. Vining

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ISBN-10: 0-13-615554-5

ISBN-13: 978-0-13-615554-6

Format: Book

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