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Public Policy Analysis: An Introduction, 4th Edition

By William N. Dunn

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Oct 1, 2007

Table of Contents

Preface to the Third Edition 

 

CHAPTER 1: The Process of Policy Analysis 

  • The Process of Policy Inquiry 
  • Multidisciplinary Policy Analysis
    • Policy-Relevant Information
    • Policy-Informational Transformations
    • Policy-Analytic Methods
  • Three Cases of Policy Analysis
  • Forms of Policy Analysis
    • Retrospective and Prospective Analysis
    • Descriptive and Normative Analysis
    • Problem Finding and Problem Solving 
    • Segmented and Integrative
  • The Practice of Policy Analysis
    • Reconstructed Logic versus
    • Methodological Opportunity Costs
  • Critical Thinking and Public Policy 
    • The Structure of Policy Arguments
    • Dynamics of Argumentation, Public Discourse, and Debate  
  • Chapter Summary  
  • Learning Objectives  
  • Key Terms and Concepts
  • Review Questions 
  • Demonstration Exercise  
  • References 
  • Case 1. Multidisciplinary Policy Analysis—Benefits, Costs, and Consequences of Highway Safety

 

CHAPTER 2: Policy Analysis in the Policy-Making Process 

  • Some Historical Background
    • Early Origins 
    • The Nineteenth-Century Transformation
    • The Twentieth Century—And Beyond
  • The Policy-Making Process  
  • Models of Policy Change
    • Comprehensive Economic Rationality   
    • Second-Best Rationality
    • Disjointed Incrementalism 
    • Bounded Rationality
    • Mixed Scanning 
    • Erotetic Rationality
    • Critical Convergence
    • Punctuated Equilibrium
  • Policy Analysis in the Policy Process
    • Potential Uses of Analysis
    • Uses of Analysis in Practice
  • Chapter Summary 
  • Learning Objectives
  • Key Terms and Concepts
  • Review Questions
  • Demonstration Exercise 
  • References
  • Case 2. Are Policy Analysts Technocrats? 

 

CHAPTER 3: Structuring Policy Problems

  • Nature of Policy Problems
  • Beyond Problem Solving
    • Characteristics of Problems
    • Problems verses Issues
    • Three Classes of Policy Problems
  • Problem Structuring in Policy Analysis
    • Creativity in Problem Structuring
    • Phases of Problem Structuring
    • Errors of the Third Type (EIII)
  • Policy Models and Problem Structuring
    • Descriptive Models 
    • Normative Models
    • Verbal Models
    • Symbolic Models
    • Procedural Models
    • Models as Surrogates and Perspectives
  • Methods of Problem Structuring
    • Boundary Analysis 
    • Classificational Analysis
    • Hierarchy Analysis
    • Synectics
    • Brainstorming
    • Multiple Perspective Analysis
    • Assumptional Analysis
    • Argumentation Mapping
  • Chapter Summary
  • Learning Objectives 
  • Key Terms and Concepts
  • Review Questions
  • Demonstration Exercise
  • References 
  • Case 3. Problem Structuring in Mine Safety and Health, Traffic Safety, and Job Training

 

CHAPTER 4: Forecasting Expected Policy Outcomes

  • Forecasting in Policy Analysis
    • Aims of Forecasting
    • Limitations of Forecasting
  • Types of Futures
    • Goals and Objectives of Normative Futures
    • Sources of Goals, Objectives, and Alternatives
  • Approaches to Forecasting
    • Objects
    • Bases
    • Choosing Methods and Techniques
  • Extrapolative Forecasting 
    • Classical Time-Series Analysis
    • Linear Trend Estimation
    • Nonlinear Time Series 
    • Exponential Weighting 
    • Data Transformation
    • Catastrophe Methodology
  • Theoretical Forecasting
    • Theory Mapping
    • Theoretical Modeling
    • Causal Modeling
    • Regression Analysis
    • Point and Interval Estimation
    • Correlational Analysis
  • Judgmental Forecasting
    • The Delphi Technique
    • Cross-Impact Analysis
    • Feasibility Assessment
  • Chapter Summary
  • Learning Objectives
  • Key Terms and Concepts
  • Review Questions
  • Demonstration Exercise
  • References
  • Case 4. Political Consequences of Forecasting: Environmental Justice and Urban Mass Rapid Transit

 

CHAPTER 5: Recommending Preferred Policies

  • Recommendation in Policy Analysis
  • Recommendation and Multiple Advocacy
    • Simple Model of Choice
    • Complex Model of Choice
    • Forms of Rationality
    • Criteria for Policy Recommendation
  • Approaches to Recommendation
    • Public versus Private Choice
    • Supply and Demand 
    • Public Choice
    • Cost-Benefit Analysis
    • Types of Costs and Benefits
    • Tasks in Cost-Benefit Analysis 
    • Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
  • Methods and Techniques for Recommendation
    • Objectives Mapping
    • Value Clarification
    • Value Critique
    • Cost Element Structuring 
    • Cost Estimation
    • Shadow Pricing 
    • Constraint Mapping 
    • Cost Internalization
    • Discounting
    • Sensitivity Analysis
    • A Fortiori Analysis
    • Plausibility Analysis
  • Chapter Summary
  • Learning Objectives
  • Key Terms and Concepts
  • Review Questions
  • Demonstration Exercise
  • References
  • Case 5. Saving Time, Lives, and Gasoline: Benefits and Costs of the National Maximum Speed Limit 

 

CHAPTER 6:    Monitoring Observed Policy Outcomes

  • Monitoring in Policy Analysis
    • Sources of Information
    • Types of Policy Outcomes
    • Types of Policy Actions
    • Definitions and Indicators
  • Approaches to Monitoring
    • Social Systems Accounting
    • Social Experimentation
    • Social Auditing 
    • Research and Practice Synthesis 
  • Techniques for Monitoring
    • Graphic Displays 
    • The Gini Index
    • Tabular Displays
    • Index Numbers
    • Interrupted Time-Series Analysis
    • Control-Series Analysis
    • Regression-Discontinuity Analysis
  • Chapter Summary
  • Learning Objectives
  • Key Terms and Concepts
  • Review Questions
  • Demonstration Exercise
  • References 
  • Case 6. Rival Explanations of Policy Outcomes: The Political Economy of Traffic Fatalities in Europe and the United States    

 

CHAPTER 7: Evaluating Policy Performance

  • Ethics and Values in Policy Analysis
    • Thinking about Values
    • Ethics and Metaethics
    • Standards of Conduct
  • Descriptive Ethics, Normative Ethics and Metaethics
    • Descriptive Value Typologies
    • Developmental Value Typologies
    • Normative Theories
    • Metaethical Theories 
  • Evaluation in Policy Analysis
    • The Nature of Evaluation
    • Functions of Evaluation 
    • Criteria for Policy Evaluation 
  • Approaches to Evaluation 
    • Pseudo-evaluation 
    • Formal Evaluation
    • Varieties of Formal Evaluation
    • Decision-Theoretic Evaluation
  • Methods For Evaluation
  • Chapter Summary 
  • Learning Objectives
  • Key Terms and Concepts 
  • Review Questions 
  • Demonstration Exercise 
  • References
  • Case 7. Living Wage Policies in the United States 

 

CHAPTER 8: Developing Policy Arguments

  • The Structure of Policy Arguments
    • Types of Knowledge Claims
    • The Underdetermination of Conclusions by Information
    • Warrants, Backings, and Rebuttals
  • Modes of Policy Argumentation
    • Argumentation from Authority
    • Argumentation from Method
    • Argumentation from Generalization
    • Argumentation from Classification 
    • Argumentation from Cause
    • Argumentation from Sign 
    • Argumentation from Motivation
    • Argumentation from Intuition
    • Argumentation from Analogy
    • Argumentation from Parallel Case
    • Argumentation from Ethics
  • Evaluating Policy Arguments
    • Some Hermeneutic Guidelines
    • Guidelines from Informal and Formal Logic
    • Systems of Argumentation
  • Chapter Summary
  • Learning Objectives
  • Key Terms and Concepts
  • Review Questions
  • Demonstration Exercises
  • References
  • Case 8. Pros and Cons of Intervention in the Balkans 

CHAPTER 9: Communicating Policy Analysis

  • The Process of Policy Communication
    • Tasks in Policy Documentation 
    • Tasks in Oral Presentations and Briefings
  • The Policy Issue Paper
    • Issues Addressed in the Policy Issue Paper
    • Elements of the Policy Issue Paper
    • The Policy Memorandum
    • The Executive Summary
  • The Letter of Transmittal 
  • The Oral Briefing and Visual Displays
  • Policy Analysis in the Policy-Making Process
    • Characteristics of Information 
    • Modes of Inquiry
    • Structure of Problems
    • Political and Bureaucratic Structures
    • Interactions among Stakeholders
  • Chapter Summary
  • Learning Objectives
  • Key Terms and Concepts
  • Review Questions
  • Demonstration Exercise
  • References
  • Case 9. Adopting the EPA Lead Standard: Communicating Technical Analyses to Multiple Audiences

 

Appendix 1  The Policy Issue Paper

Appendix 2  The Executive Summary

Appendix 3  The Policy Memorandum

Appendix 4  Planning Oral Briefings

Author Index

Subject Index

These online resources are available at no cost.

Companion Website for Public Policy Analysis: An Introduction, 4th Edition

http://www.policyonline.org

Purchase Info

ISBN-10: 0-13-615554-5

ISBN-13: 978-0-13-615554-6

Format: Book

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