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Readings on Latin America and its People, Volume 1 (To 1830)

By Cheryl E. Martin, Mark Wasserman

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Jan 3, 2010


This CourseSmart Sampler includes a selection of material from the full book for faculty to use in order to make a textbook selection for their course. If you need to see additional chapters before making a final decision, please contact your Pearson sales representative for a print copy.

Table of Contents

1.    Writing and Record-Keeping in the Ancient Americas: The Quipus of the Andes

  • Photograph of a quipu
  • José de Acosta on indigenous scripts
  • 1583 decree of the Church Council of Lima, declaring the quipus to be the work of the devil
  • Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala’s illustration of a quipu
  • Garcilaso de la Vega (El Inca)’s account of the use of quipus
  • A modern analysis: quipus as binary codes: Gary Upton


2.    Moral debates and the Conquest of the Americas

  • Antonio de Montesinos sermon on the first Sunday of Lent, Santo Domingo
  • Bartolomé de las Casas on the Conquest of Cuba
  • The Requerimiento
  • Response to the Requerimiento in Panamá
  • Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda
  • Garcilaso de la Vega (El Inca) on the New Laws in Peru
  • Antonio de Vieira on abuses in Maranhão, Brazil


3.    Fact-Finding for the King: The Relaciones Geográficas and the Spanish Empire in the Sixteenth Century

  • The questionnaire
  • Relación of Jauja, Peru
  • Relación of the City of Huamanga, Peru
  • Relación of Meztitlan, Mexico
  • The Misquiahuala, Mexico, Map, 1579


4.   Pirates and Contraband: Life on the Coasts

  • Map of Central America and the Caribbean
  • John Hawkins at Rio de la Hacha, Colombia
  • Illustration: Francis Drake being knighted by Queen Elizabeth I, 1581
  • Map of the Caribbean
  • John Esquemeling’s account of the pirate nicknamed “El Brasiliano”
  • William Dampier’s account of the disruption of Spanish commerce at Panamá, 1685
  • William Dampier on the Miskito Indians, 1681
  • John Campbell’s 18th century account of smuggling in the Spanish empire


5.    Slavery in Brazil

  • Antônio Vieira’s sermon on the treatment of slaves, 1633
  • Domingos de Loreto Cuoto’s description of the Brotherhood of Our Lady of the Rosary, Recife, 1757
  • Illustration: slaves mining for diamonds, 18th century
  • Slaves mining for diamonds, Minas Gerais, early 19th century
  • A Slave Rebellion in Bahia, 1789
  • Maria Graham’s observations in the early 1820s


6.    Native Communities in the Spanish Empire

  • Selections from the Tlaxcala cabildo proceedings, 16th century
  • Illustration: Signatures of Tlaxcala cabildo members
  • Native lords of Ecuador write King Philip II, 1580-1599
  • Thomas Gage’s description of an Indian town in 17th-century Guatemala
  • Guaraní letter to the governor of Buenos Aires following the expulsion of the Jesuits


7.    Maroon Communities

  • Thomas Gage on maroons in Guatemala
  • A description of the role played by cimarrones in Francis Drake’s attack on the Isthmus of Panama
  • War and Peace at Palmares, Brazil
  • Quilombos inciting revolts in Minas Gerais, Brazil, 1719
  • Illustration: Plan of Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe de los Negros de Amapa, Mexico, 1769-1770


8.    Life in Colonial Convents

  • Description of the convents of Quito, 1650
  • Thomas Gage on a Guatemalan nun
  • Madre María de San José, on her decision to become a nun, and on the supervision of novices in Mexico, early 18th century
  • Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, Reply to Sor Filotea
  • Property of the convent of Santa Clara, Cuzco
  • Illustration: photo of Santa Catalina Convent, Arequipa


9.    Life on the Northern Frontier of New Spain: New Mexico in the 18th Century

  • Bishop Pedro Tamarón y Romeral’s visit to Taos, 1760
  • Illustration: photo of Taos pueblo
  • Letter of Governor Manuel Portillo Urrisola, on hostilities with Comanches, 1762
  • Nicolás de la Fora’s description of Apaches, 1766
  • Fray Juan Agustín Morfi’s report on disorders in New Mexico, 1778


10.    Natural Disasters, Religion and the Political Order

  • The Quito Earthquake of 1582
  • Chimalpahin on the 1611 earthquake in Mexico City
  • “The Fear of God”: Bartolomé Arzáns de Ursúa y Vela
  • El Aurora de Chile, 1813


11.    The Enlightenment Comes to Latin America

  • Alexander von Humboldt on the progress of the Enlightenment in Latin America
  • José Antonio Alzate on the cotton gin
  • Illustration of Alzate’s cotton gin
  • Contents, Gaceta de Literatura, Mexico City
  • Formation of the Sociedad Patriótica in Quito, from the Mercurio Peruano
  • Cafes in Lima, from the Mercurio Peruano


12.    Mexican Independence

  • Letter of Chito Villagrán to Dr. Diego Antonio Rodríguez, June 8, 1812
  • Appeal to Mexicans to break ties with the royalists, El Despertador Americano, 1811
  • Excerpt, Lucás Alamán, The Alhóndiga
  • Agustín de Iturbide, Plan de Iguala

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    Erin E. O'Connor, Leo Garofalo

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Readings on Latin America and its People, Volume 1 (To 1830)

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