All chapters conclude with “Summary,” “Study Questions,” and “References.” Preface.
I. INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF AGING.
1. First the Good News…the Myths of Aging.
Debunking the Myths.
2. The Study of Aging.
Why Study Aging?
The History of Aging.
Methodological Issues in Aging Research.
3. The Demography of Aging.
Number and Proportion of the Elderly.
Aging of the Older Population.
The Demographic Transition.
The Dependency Ratio.
Sex, Race, and Ethnic Composition.
II. BIOMEDICAL ASPECTS OF AGING.
4. What Are the Results of Aging? (Cary S. Kart, Eileen S. Metress, and Seamus P. Metress).
Age-Related Physiological Changes.
Sexuality and Aging.
5. Why Do People Become Old? (Cary S. Kart and Eileen S. Metress).
Cellular Theories of Aging.
Physiological Theories of Aging.
6. Health Status of the Elderly.
Activities of Daily Living.
Instrumental Activities of Daily Living.
Is There Compression of Morbidity?
Mental Health Disorders and Mental Health.
The Medial Model.
Attribution of Illness.
III. AGING IN PSYCHOLOGICAL AND SOCIAL PERSPECTIVE.
7. Psychological Aspects of Aging.
Cognitive Processes: Intelligence, Wisdom and Creativity; Learning and Memory.
Age-Related Changes in Sensory Processes and Psychomotor Responses.
8. Social Aspects of Aging.
Three Perspectives of Human Development.
Historical and Cultural Variations in the Sequencing of the Life Course.
Socialization and Social Roles.
Life Stress, Coping, and Adaptation.
9. Sociological Theories of Aging.
Aging and the Individual.
Aging and Society.
IV. THE AGED AND SOCIETY.
10. Aging and Family Life.
Old Age and the U.S. Family: A Look Backward.
The Structure of Family in Contemporary Society.
The Function of Family in Contemporary Society.
The Family Life Cycle.
Friendship: Quasi-Familial Relations.
11. The Economics of Aging.
The Economic Status of the Elderly.
The Adequacy of Aged Income.
The Social Security System.
12. Work, Retirement and Leisure.
The Older Worker.
13. The Politics of Aging.
Political Participation and Age.
Political Orientations and Attitudes of Older Persons.
Are the Aged a Favored Constituency?
Are the Elderly a Political Force?
The Future of Old Age Politics: Age vs. Need.
14. Religion and Aging.
In the Beginning…
Functions of Religion.
Age and Religious Commitment.
Religion, Aging, and Health.
V. SPECIAL ISSUES IN AGING.
15. Racial and Ethnic Aging.
Minority Aging — A Case of Double Jeopardy?
Aging and the Minority Experience.
16. Living Environments of the Elderly.
The Impact if Environment on Older People.
Where Do the Elderly Live?
Federal Housing for the Elderly.
17. Long-Term Care (Ruth E. Dunkle, Cary S. Kart, and Van H. Luong).
Long-Term Care Needs and Patterns of Utilization.
The Duality of Informal and Formal Supports.
The Logic of Formal Care.
The Decision to Institutionalize and Older Person.
The Quality of Long-Term Care.
18. Health Policy and Aging.
Use of Services.
Explaining Use of Health and Medial Services.
Paying for Medical Care.
Health Policy: Is There a Crisis in Medical Care Financing?
Health Policy: Long-Term Care Issues.
Toward a Political Economy of Health and Aging.
19. Death and Dying (Cary S. Kart and Eileen K. Metress).
Aging and the Meaning of Death.
Grief and Bereavement.
The Dying Process.
The Where of Dying.
Termination of Treatment.
Epilogue: Education and Careers in the Field of Gerontology.
Educational Opportunities: Gerontological Specialists vs. Generalists.
Selecting and Educational Program in Gerontology.
Controversial Issues in Gerontological Education.
Careers in and beyond the Aging Network.