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Religious Experience, The: Classical Philosophical and Social Theories

By Irving M. Zeitlin

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Sep 20, 2003

Table of Contents



Preface: The Scientific Study of Religion: The Beginnings.


1. Rousseau.

The Creed of a Savoyard Priest. Rousseau on Civil Religion.



2. Hegel.

Romanticism and Nationalism. Hegel's Early Essays on Religion. Hegel's Later Philosophy of Religion.



3. The Young or Left Hegelians.

Feuerbach on the Essence of Religion. Marx's Critique. Max Stirner. The Rebuttal of Stirner by Marx and Engels. Bruno Bauer on the So-Called Jewish Question.



4. Marx.

The Young Marx on Religion.



5. Nietzsche.

Thus Spoke Zarathustra. Beyond Good and Evil. On the Genealogy of Morals. Guilt, Bad Conscience, and Ascetic Ideals. The Anti-Christ.



6. Max Weber.

The Protestant Ethic and The Spirit of Capitalism. The Spirit of Capitalism. Traditionalism. Luther's Conception of the Calling. The Religious Foundations of Worldly Asceticism. Calvinism. Pietism. Methodism. The Baptist Sects. Asceticism and the Spirit of Capitalism. Weber's Travels in America and their Confirmation of His Thesis. Criticisms of the Weber Thesis.



7. Max Weber on the World Religions.

The Religion of China. Confucianism and Puritanism. The Religion of India. Orthodox Hinduism. Jainism. Ancient Buddhism. Ancient Judaism. The Hebrew Prophets: The Setting. The Prophetic Ethic. The “Pariah” Community.



8. E.B. Tylor.

Retribution Theory? Development or Degeneration? The Soul as the Source of Animism. Fetishism and Idolatry. Totemism. Polytheism.



9. James George Frazer.

The King of the Wood. From Magic to Religion. The Worship of Trees. Solving the Mystery.



10. Bronislaw Malinowski.

Death and the Functions of Religion. Malinowski's Theory of Magical Language.



11. Sigmund Freud.

Religion as Illusion. Freud's Repudiation of Religious Beliefs.



12. Emile Durkheim.

Totemism: An Elementary Religion. Ascetic Rites. Criticisms of Durkheim's Theory.



Epilogue.

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