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Rhetorical Grammar: Grammatical Choices, Rhetorical Effects, 7th Edition

By Martha J. Kolln, Loretta Gray

Published by Longman

Published Date: Sep 12, 2012

Description

Rhetorical Grammar encourages writers to recognize and use the grammatical and stylistic choices available to them and to understand the rhetorical effects those choices can have on their readers.

Table of Contents

Preface 

Acknowledgments 

Introduction 

 

PART I The Structure of Sentences 

 

Chapter 1

A Review of Words and Phrases 

Chapter Preview 

Form Classes 

Nouns and Verbs 

The Noun Phrase 

The Verb Phrase 

NP 1 VP 5 S 

Adjectives and Adverbs 

Prepositional Phrases 

Key Terms 

 

Chapter 2

Sentence Patterns 

Chapter Preview 

Rhetorical Effects 

The Be Patterns 

The Linking Verb Pattern 

The Intransitive Verb Pattern 

The Basic Transitive Verb Pattern 

Transitive Patterns with Two Complements 

Sentence Pattern Summary 

The Optional Adverbial 

Questions and Commands 

Punctuation and the Sentence Patterns 

Basic Patterns in Prose 

The Short Paragraph 

Key Terms 

Rhetorical Reminders 

Punctuation Reminder 

 

Chapter 3

Our Versatile Verbs 

Chapter Preview 

The Expanded Verb 

Using the Expanded Verbs 

Special Uses of the Present Tense 

Other Auxiliaries 

Do-Support 

Modal Auxiliaries 

The Passive Voice 

Forms of the Passive Voice 

The Obscure Agent 

Well-Chosen Verbs: Showing, Not Telling 

Key Terms 

Rhetorical Reminders 

 

Chapter 4

Coordination and Subordination 

Chapter Preview 

Coordination Within the Sentence 

Parallel Structure 

Coordination of the Series 

Climax 

Coordination with Correlative Conjunctions 

Subject-Verb Agreement 

Compound Sentences 

Conjunctive Adverbs and Transitional Phrases 

Compound Sentences with Semicolons 

Compound Sentences with Colons 

Punctuation Pitfalls 

The Compound Sentence: Punctuation Review 

Subordination: The Dependent Clauses 

Revising Compound Structures 

Key Terms 

Rhetorical Reminders 

Punctuation Reminders 

 

PART II

Controlling the Message 

 

Chapter 5

Cohesion 

Chapter Preview 

Reader Expectation 

Repetition 

The Known-New Contract 

The Role of Pronouns 

Personal Pronouns 

Demonstrative Pronouns 

The Role of the Passive Voice 

Other Sentence Inversions 

Parallelism 

Repetition Versus Redundancy 

Key Terms 

Rhetorical Reminders 

 

Chapter 6

Sentence Rhythm 

Chapter Preview 

Your Sense of Rhythm 

End Focus 

Controlling Rhythm 

The It-Cleft 

The What-Cleft 

The There-Transformation 

Rhythm and the Comma 

Power Words 

Correlative Conjunctions 

Adverbials of Emphasis 

The Common Only 

Key Terms 

Rhetorical Reminders 

Punctuation Reminder 

 

Chapter 7

The Writer’s Voice 

Chapter Preview 

Tone 

Diction 

Metaphor 

Verbs and Formality 

Nominalized Verbs and Abstract Subjects 

Contractions 

Metadiscourse 

Point of View 

Key Terms 

Rhetorical Reminders 

Punctuation Reminders 

 

PART III

Making Choices: Form and Function 

 

Chapter 8

Choosing Adverbials 

Chapter Preview 

The Movable Adverbials 

Adverbs 

Prepositional Phrases 

The Proliferating Prepositional Phrase 

Noun Phrases 

Verb Phrases 

Dependent Clauses 

Punctuation of Adverbial Clauses 

The Movability of Adverbial Clauses 

The Because-Clause Myth 

The Elliptical Adverbial Clause 

Key Terms 

Rhetorical Reminders 

Punctuation Reminders 

 

Chapter 9

Choosing Adjectivals 

Chapter Preview 

The Noun Phrase 

Preheadword Modifiers 

Determiners 

Adjectives and Nouns 

Modifier Noun Proliferation 

Postheadword Modifiers 

Prepositional Phrases 

Adjective Phrases 

Participial Phrases 

The Prenoun Participle 

The Movable Participial Phrase 

The Dangling Participle 

Relative Clauses 

The Relatives 

The Broad-Reference Clause 

Punctuation of Phrases and Clauses 

A Punctuation Rule Revisited 

Key Terms 

Rhetorical Reminders 

Punctuation Reminders 

 

Chapter 10

Choosing Nominals 

Chapter Preview 

Appositives 

Colons and Dashes with Appositives 

Avoiding Punctuation Errors 

The Sentence Appositive 

Nominal Verb Phrases 

Gerunds 

The Dangling Gerund 

The Subject of the Gerund 

Infinitives  2

Nominal Clauses 

Nominals as Delayed Subjects 

Key Terms 

Rhetorical Reminders 

Punctuation Reminders 

 

Chapter 11

Other Stylistic Variations 

Chapter Preview 

Style 

Absolute Phrases 

The Coordinate Series 

Repetition 

Word-Order Variation 

Ellipsis 

Antithesis 

The Deliberate Fragment 

Key Terms 

Rhetorical Reminders 

Punctuation Reminders 

 

PART IV

Your Way with Words 

 

Chapter 12

Words and Word Classes 

Chapter Preview 

Your Lexicon 

Parts of Speech 

The Form Classes 

Nouns 

Plural-Only Forms 

Collective Nouns 

Proper Nouns 

Verbs 

Adjectives 

Adverbs 

Derivational Affixes 

The Structure Classes 

Determiners 

Auxiliaries 

Qualifiers 

Prepositions 

Particles 

Conjunctions 

Pronouns 

Personal Pronouns 

The Missing Pronoun 

Case Errors 

The Unwanted Apostrophe 

The Ambiguous Antecedent 

Reflexive Pronouns 

Intensive Pronouns 

Reciprocal Pronouns 

Demonstrative Pronouns 

Indefinite Pronouns 

The Everyone/Their Issue 

Key Terms 

Rhetorical Reminders 

Punctuation Reminders 

 

PART V

Punctuation 

 

Chapter 13

Punctuation: Its Purposes, Its Hierarchy, and Its Rhetorical Effects 

Chapter Preview 

The Purposes of Punctuation Marks 

Syntax 

Prosody 

Semantics 

The Hierarchy of Punctuation 

The Rhetorical Effects of Punctuation 

Key Terms 

 

Glossary of Punctuation 

Glossary of Terms 

Bibliography 

Answers to the Exercises 

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