Product Cover Image

Social and Cultural Foundations of Counseling and Human Services: Multiple Influences on Self-Concept Development

By John J. Schmidt

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Jun 9, 2005


Social and Cultural Foundations of Counseling addresses the fundamental social and cultural foundations upon which counselors and other helpers develop the knowledge and skill to work effectively with diverse populations.  The premise of this text is that such foundational knowledge includes learning about self-concept development within a cultural and sociological context and about the impact that both individual differences and collectivistic philosophies have on cultural and personal identity. It distinctively features a social psychology perspective of diversity, complemented by an understanding of self-concept theory and its interaction with other models of identity development.

Table of Contents

Each chapter concludes with “Counseling Inferences.”


1. Society, Culture, Counseling, and Human Services.



Diversity and Counseling.

2. The Emerging Self and Social Learning.

Self-Concept Theory.

Altering the Self-Concept.

Stability of the Self-Concept.

Related Developmental Theories.

Self-View, Worldview, and Social Learning.

Deviant Behavior.

Violence and Abuse.

Substance Abuse.


Technology and Self-Development.

3. Social, Cultural, and Racial Identity.

Social Identity Theory.

Cultural Identity Theory.

Race, Ethnicity, and Identity.

Self as a Cultural Product.

4. Cultural, Racial, and Ethnic Identity Models.

Racial Identity Models.

Ethnic Identity.

Multiple Identities.

Self-Consciousness and Identity.

5. Sex, Gender, and Sexual Orientation Identity.



Sexual Orientation Identity.

6. Family, Culture, and Self-Concept Development.

Family Structure.

Family and Culture.

Family and Community Ties.

7. Ability, Attractiveness, Aging, and Self-Image.

Physical Development and Self-Images.

Ableism and Disability.

Aging and Ageism.

8. Religion, Spirituality, and Self-Concept Development.

Historical Considerations.

Defining Spirituality and Religion.

Spirituality and Counseling.

9. Social Class and Economic Considerations.

Socioeconomic Status and Social Class.

SES and Self-Concept Development.

10. Counseling and Cultural Diversity.

Cultural Aspects of Counseling.

Being a Culturally Effective Counselor.

Assignment, Diagnosis, and Treatment.

Group Procedures with Diverse Clients.

Advocacy, Conflict Resolution, and Social Justice.

11. Ethical and Legal Issues.

Ethical Standards.

Multicultural Competency.

Laws, Legal Issues, and Diverse Clients.

12. Research Issues and Future Considerations for Counseling Diverse Populations.

Research Issues and Concerns.

Future Direction in Multicultural Research.

Future Trends and Issues.

Appendix A: Selected Web Sites.


Author Index.

Subject Index.