Table of Contents
Each chapter concludes with “Counseling Inferences.”
1. Society, Culture, Counseling, and Human Services.
Diversity and Counseling.
2. The Emerging Self and Social Learning.
Altering the Self-Concept.
Stability of the Self-Concept.
Related Developmental Theories.
Self-View, Worldview, and Social Learning.
Violence and Abuse.
Technology and Self-Development.
3. Social, Cultural, and Racial Identity.
Social Identity Theory.
Cultural Identity Theory.
Race, Ethnicity, and Identity.
Self as a Cultural Product.
4. Cultural, Racial, and Ethnic Identity Models.
Racial Identity Models.
Self-Consciousness and Identity.
5. Sex, Gender, and Sexual Orientation Identity.
Sexual Orientation Identity.
6. Family, Culture, and Self-Concept Development.
Family and Culture.
Family and Community Ties.
7. Ability, Attractiveness, Aging, and Self-Image.
Physical Development and Self-Images.
Ableism and Disability.
Aging and Ageism.
8. Religion, Spirituality, and Self-Concept Development.
Defining Spirituality and Religion.
Spirituality and Counseling.
9. Social Class and Economic Considerations.
Socioeconomic Status and Social Class.
SES and Self-Concept Development.
10. Counseling and Cultural Diversity.
Cultural Aspects of Counseling.
Being a Culturally Effective Counselor.
Assignment, Diagnosis, and Treatment.
Group Procedures with Diverse Clients.
Advocacy, Conflict Resolution, and Social Justice.
11. Ethical and Legal Issues.
Laws, Legal Issues, and Diverse Clients.
12. Research Issues and Future Considerations for Counseling Diverse Populations.
Research Issues and Concerns.
Future Direction in Multicultural Research.
Future Trends and Issues.
Appendix A: Selected Web Sites.References.