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Social Work and Social Welfare: An Introduction, CourseSmart eTextbook

By Jerry D. Marx, C. Anne A Broussard, Fleur A. Hopper, David Worster

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Sep 22, 2010

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Description

With its focus on “demonstrated competency,”  Social Work and Social Welfare: An Introduction provides an additional rationale and theme illustrating how social work and social welfare require collaborative efforts in advancing social and economic well-being.). As a historically collaborative profession across broader societal institutions (business and government), students new to social work will be able to learn what social workers do and how their work relates to other professions such as sociology, psychology, human services, and counseling. 

Table of Contents

Contents

 

Preface

 

1. Social Work as a Profession

A Profession Defined                                                                                   

            Would you enjoy a career in Social Work?                            

            Social Work Defined 

                        Core Competency: Human Rights and Justice

            Social Work in Relation to Social Welfare                                        

Possible Careers in Social Work                                                     

            Social Work with Individuals                                                

            Social Work with Families                                                                 

            Social Work with Groups                                                                  

            Social Work with Communities                                                         

Social Workers in Administration                                                      

            Social Workers in Policy Practice      

                        Core Competency: Policy Practice                                        

            Social Workers in Research                           

            Social Work in Relation to Other Professions                                   

Social Work: A Values-based Profession                                       

            Values                                                            

                        Core Competency: Professional Identity                   

            Ethics                                                                                                 

            Competence in Relation to Diversity and Individual Dignity           

                        Core Competency: Diversity in Practice

            Social Justice and Human Rights                                                      

            Strengths and Empowerment                                                

Baccalaureate Social Work Education                                                       

The Future of Social Work                                                             

Chapter Summary                                                                           

PRACTICE TEST

MySocialWorkLab

 

2. Theoretical and Conceptual Models of Social Work

The Complexity of Social Work Theory and Practice                              

Human Behavior and the Social Environment                              

            Multidimensional View: The Biopsychosocial Model of HBSE       

            Biological Domain                                                                             

            Psychological Domain           

                        Core Competency: Human Behavior

            Social Domain                                                                        

                        Core Competency: Diversity in Practice

            Expanding Our Perspective: The Spiritual and Physical Domains

Core Competency: Practice Contexts

Systems Theory and Social Work Practice                                    

The Strengths Perspective in Social Work Practice                                  

Chapter Summary                                                               

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

 

3. Basic Concepts in Social Welfare

Social Welfare: A Conceptualization         

                        Core Competency: Human rights and Justice                                    

            Ideological Input                                                                               

            Economic Institutions            

                        Core Competency: Practice Contexts                                                

            Political Institutions   

                        Core Competency: Policy Practice                                                                

            Social Institutions                                                                              

            Outcome: Societal Well-Being          

                        Core Competency: Critical Thinking                                     

Chapter Summary                                                                           

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

 

4. Generalist Social Work Practice

                       

Roles and Functions of Social Work          

                        Core Competency: Diversity in Practice                                            

The Nature of Helping Relationships         

                        Core Competency: Professional Identity                                           

Diversity and Cultural Competency           

                        Core Competency: Ethical Practice                                       

Engagement                                                                                      

Data Collection and Assessment     

                        Core Competency: Research Based Practice                                     

            Family Assessments                                                                           

            Group Assessments                                                                            

            Organization and Community Assessment                            

Planning and Contracting                                                               

Intervention in Generalist Social Work                                          

            Generalist Social Work with Individuals                                           

            Generalist Social Work with Families

            Generalist Social Work with Groups                                     

            Generalist Social Work with Organizations and Communities         

Termination                                                                                      

Chapter Summary                                                                           

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

           

 

5. Social Work and Social Justice: Diversity, Difference, and Oppression

Chapter Outline       

Human Difference and Diversity                

                        Core Competency: Critical Thinking

Diverse Peoples of the United States                                                          

            Major Social Groups in the United States                 

                        Core Competency: Diversity in Practice

                        Core Competency: Human Rights and Justice

Organizing Principals of Diversity and Difference in Society      

            Social Groups                                                                         

            Inequality: Discrimination and Prejudice                                          

            Inequality: Domination and Subordination                           

            Identity          

                        Core Competency: Practice Contexts

 

            Oppression, Power and Privilege                                                       

The Lived Experience of Oppression: “The isms”                        

            Racism                                                                                               

            Ethnocentrism                                                                        

            Xenophobia                                                                            

            Classism                                                                                             

            Sexism                                                                                    

            Homophobia and Heterosexism                                                         

            Ableism                                                                                              

Social Work and Social Justice                                                                   

            Empowering Practices: Social Justice in Action                                

            Practice Focus: Strengths-Based Practice                                          

Chapter Summary                                                                           

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

 

6:  History of Social Work and Social Welfare

The Beginnings of a U.S. Social Welfare System                          

            Caring for the Poor: Poverty and the Workhouse                             

          The Central Role of Organized Religion and The First Amendment

          The Influence of American philanthropy                                                       

Industrialization of America                                                                     

            The Poor Laborer                                                                               

            The Antipauper Movement                                                                

            The Growth of Private Nonprofit Agencies for the Poor                  

            The Development of Charity Organization Societies            

                        Core Competency: Professional Identity

            The Progressive Era               

                        Core Competency: Human Behavior                                                 

            The Social Advocacy of Women and the Settlement Houses           

Business Charitable Contributions: The Growth of Community Chests and

 Service Clubs

The Great Depression and Creation of a National Social Welfare System                     

            The Great Depression                                                            

            The New Deal                                                                                    

            The Role of Social Work in the New Deal                                        

            Successes and Failures of the New Deal       

                        Core Competency: Ethical Practice                           

Lyndon B. Johnson and the Great Society                        

            The Great Society                                                                              

Nixon and the Federal Social Welfare Partnership                                  

The Women’s Movement                                                                

            Impact of the Civil Rights and Women’s Movements on Professional Social Work

Core Competency: Insert Margin Note 6.4

 

Reagan and New Federalism                                                                      

The First President Bush: George H.W. Bush                                   

            Bill Clinton and Welfare Reform                                                      

            Developments in Social Work                                                           

            Social Welfare Developments: 2000-Present                         

Chapter Summary                                                                           

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

 

7: Poverty and Social Welfare

Introduction to Poverty                                                             

Definition and Causes of Poverty                                                         

      Defining and Measuring Poverty                                           

            Federal Poverty Thresholds and Guidelines              

            Current Federal Poverty Thresholds: Problems and Alternatives

                        Core Competency: Social Policy

 

            Who are the Poor?                                                                 

            Demographic Trends in Poverty                                            

Causes of Poverty                                                                                  

            Economic System Factors: Work, Income, and the Labor Market                

            Education and “Human Capital”                                           

            Oppression and Discrimination          

                        Core Competency: Human Rights

                                   

            The Impact of Changing Family Structures               

                        Core Competency: Critical Thinking

            The “Culture of Poverty”                                                       

Publicly Funded Services to the Poor                                       

            Social Insurance Programs                                                     

            Unemployment Insurance                                                                  

            Workers’ Compensation                                                        

Public Assistance Programs                                                                  

            Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF)

Core Competency: Practice Contexts

 

            Supplemental Security Income                                  

            General Assistance                                                                 

            Current Issues in Public Assistance: A Critical Analysis of Welfare Reform                                                                     

Food and Shelter Programs                                                                  

            Food Stamps                                                                          

            The Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)           

            Public Housing and Section 8 Housing Assistance Contributions of Business and the Private Nonprofit Sector to Housing                                                                      

            Current Shelter Issues: The Homeless                                   

            Other Publicly Funded Programs in American Social Welfare                                                                                  

Chapter Summary                                                                                 

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

 

8:  Health, Healthcare and Medical Social Work

Social Workers in the Healthcare Profession                                            

Major Health Problems                                                                               

            Heart Disease                                                                                     

            Cancer                                                                                    

            Obesity                                                                                               

            Asthma                                                                                               

            AIDS                                                                                                 

Socioeconomic Aspects of Illness                                                        

Health Services                                                                                             

            Medicare and Medicaid                                                                     

Private Insurance and Managed Care

            Problems in the Healthcare System                                                   

            Problems with Managed Care                                                

            Uninsured and Underinsured                                                

            Why Don’t People Have Health Insurance?                                      

            The Un-Covered Middle Class                                                          

            Prescription Drugs

                        Core Competency: Policy Practice Innovations and Proposed Solutions    

                        Core Competency: Human Rights and Justice                                  

            Policy Proposal: National Healthcare System                                    

Social Work in a Medical Setting                                                    

            Hospital Social Work                                                             

Community Health Clinics                                                                

            Hospice                                                                                              

            Health Promotion and Prevention

                        Core Competency: Human Behavior

Inter-professional Collaboration: Social Work and Healthcare Professionals

                        Core Competency: Engage, Assess, Intervene, Evaluate                  

Chapter Summary

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

 

9: Emotional and Behavioral Problems and Social Work Treatment

Mental Health in the United States                                                 

Mental Health and “Illness”: Conceptualizations of Mental Disorder                            

            The Medical Model                                                                            

            Developmental Models                                                                      

            Sociological Theories and the “Myth of Mental Illness”                   

            The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) 

                        Core Competency: Critical Thinking

           

Mental Disorders                                                                              

            Disorders Usually First Diagnosed in Infancy, Childhood, or Adolescence            

            Delirium, Dementia, Amnesic, and Other Cognitive Disorders        

            Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders                                  

            Mood disorders                                                                                  

            Anxiety Disorders                                                                              

            Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders                                              

            Eating Disorders                                                                                

            Personality Disorders                                                             

            Culture-Bound Syndromes    

                        Core Competency: Diversity

                                               

Social Work and Mental Health Services                                       

            Micro Practice: Services to Individuals                                             

            Mezzo Practice: Practice with Groups and Families  

                        Core Competency: Practice Contexts

            Macro Practice: Policy, Administration, and Advocacy

            Practice Settings

                        Core Competency: Ethics

 

Challenges and Trends in Mental Health and Social Work Practice

            Racial Disparities in Mental Health Care                                           

            Managed Care                                                                        

            Evidence-Based Treatment                                                                

Focus on Collaboration: Assertive Community Treatment (ACT)                                    

Chapter Summary                                                                           

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

 

10: Children, Youth, Family Problems and Services

Families in the United States: Decades of Change                        

            Demographic Changes in the Family                                     

            Changes In Functions of the Family                                      

Diverse Family Forms

            Core Competency: Diversity in Practice                                                        

            Monica McGoldrick and the Family Life Cycle

                        Core Competency: Human Behavior                         

Major Challenges Facing Children, Youth and Families             

            Divorce, Single Parent Families and Blended Families                     

            Single Parent Families

                        Core Competency: Human Rights and Justice                                                          

            Blended Families                                                                                   

            Family Violence

                        Core Competency: Practice Contexts                                                                                   

            Partner Abuse                                                                         

Sexual Violence                                                                                 

            Child Abuse and Neglect                                                                  

            Types of Abuse                                                                                  

            Child Sexual Abuse and Incest                                                         

The Family (Un)friendly Workplace                                                          

Major Services to Children, Youth and Families                          

            Child Welfare and Child Protection                                      

            Family Intervention                                                                           

            Out of Home Placements and Foster Care                                        

The Removal vs. Reunification Debate                                             

Adoption Services                                                                             

            Parenting Support Services and Education                           

            Self-Help: Parents Anonymous                                                         

Adolescent Pregnancy and Parenting                                    

            Family Planning Services                                                                   

            Family Violence Services                                                                   

            Services to Survivors                                                                         

            Services to Batterers                                                                          

            Services to Families in an Educational Setting                                  

            Head Start and Early Head Start                                                       

            School Social Work                                                          

            Alternative Education Programs                                                                    

            Child, Couple and Family Therapy                                                    

            Therapeutic Work With Children: Play Therapy                               

            Couples Counseling, Marital Therapy and Family Therapy   

            Child Abuse and Family Violence Prevention                                  

            Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention                                                     

Chapter Summary                                                                           

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

 

 

11: Physical and Developmental Disabilities

Defining Disability                                                                           

            Physical Disabilities   

                        Core Competency: Diversity in Practice                                                                    

                Developmental Disabilities

                        Core Competency: Human Rights and Justice

                        Core Competency: Professional Identity                                                                   

                Cognitive Disabilities                                                                 

Disabling Illness: Stroke, ALS                                                          

Social Response to Individuals with Disabilities                            

            Historical Perspective                                                            

            Current trends                                                                        

Major Services to Individuals with Disabilities                              

            Publicly Funded Services                                                                  

Rehabilitation and Vocational Services                                             

            Residential Services                                                                           

            In-home Services                                                                               

            Special Education      

                        Core Competency: Practice Contexts                                                            

Inter-professional Collaboration: Social Workers and Occupational Therapists,

Physical Therapists, Speech Therapists                                                     

Chapter Summary

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

 

12: Substance Abuse and Social Work

Substance Use and Abuse Defined                                                 

            What is Substance Abuse?                                                                 

Current Issues in Substance Use and Abuse                                             

            Preventing Youth Smoking                                                               

            Youth, Drugs, and Alcohol   

                        Core Competency: Policy Practice                                                    

            The Debate Over the Legalization of Marijuana                               

            Crystal Methamphetamine Abuse: An Emerging National Epidemic?                     

Status of the Federal “War on Drugs”                                               

Models of Addiction                                                                         

            The Biopsychosocial Model of Addiction                                         

            Sociocultural Models of Addiction                                                   

            Psychological Models of Addiction                                                  

            The Disease Model    

                        Core Competency: Critical Thinking                                                             

Substance Abuse Intervention                                                                    

            Self-Help: Twelve Step Support Groups                                           

            Professional Treatment Programs and Services                                 

            Treatment Facilities    

                        Core Competency: Engagement, Assessment, Intervention,  Evaluate                     

Needle Exchange Programs                                                               

            Drug Courts                                                                                       

            Future Challenges in Drug Treatment: Dual Diagnosis                     

            Substance Abuse Prevention 

                        Core Competency: Critical Thinking                                     

Chapter Summary

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

           

13: Crime and Social Work Intervention

Defining Crime                                                                                             

            Categories of Criminal Behavior                                                       

Theories of Crime and Criminal Behavior                                    

Trends in Crime and Incarceration                                               

Racism, Crime and Incarceration                                                       

The Adult Criminal Justice System: Law Enforcement, the Courts, Corrections         

Law Enforcement                                                                                          

The Courts                                                                                                     

Corrections                                                                                         

Youth Offenders and Juvenile Crime                                                        

            Juvenile Justice System                                                                      

            Juvenile and Family Court                                                                 

            Recent Developments and Trends                                                     

            Prevention and Diversion Programs  

            Restorative Justice                             

            Girls and Juvenile Justice                                                                   

 

Social Work and Criminal Justice                                                  

            Correctional Social Workers and Services to Inmates                       

            Post-Release and Rehabilitation Services                                          

            Probation and Parole                                                              

            Criminal Justice Reform                                                                    

Crime Prevention                                                                             

            Reducing Recidivism                                                             

            Crime Prevention Programs                                                   

Inter-professional Collaboration                                                    

Chapter Summary

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

 

14: Aging and Gerontological Social Work

Who are Older Americans?                                                            

            Young-Old, Old-Old, and Oldest-Old                                              

            The Graying of America                                                                    

Social and Economic Challenges                                                    

            Ageism                                                                                               

            Declines in Private Pensions                                                              

            Health Care and Prescription Drugs                                      

            Transportation Alternatives                                                   

Remaining at Home                                                                           

Elder Abuse                                                                                      

Lifecycle Challenges                                                                        

            Loss and Grief                                                                                   

            Death and Dying                                                                               

Finding Meaning In Later Life                                                          

Services to the Older Americans                                                     

            Social Security                                                                                   

            Medicare                                                                                            

            In-Home Care and Assistance Services                                             

            Residential Care and Assisted-Living                                               

            Senior Centers                                                                        

            Hospice Care                                                                          

Advocacy and Collaboration for Older Americans                      

Chapter Summary

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

 

15: Globalization and International Social Work

The Global Economy                                                                                   

Globalization Defined                                                                       

      A Brief History of Globalization                                                       

The Political Foundation of Globalization                                         

Positive Aspects of Globalization                                                    

 

            China and Globalization                                                                    

The Negative Aspects of Globalization                                           

            The Clash of Civilizations                                                                  

            Unemployment and Economic Inequality                                         

Case Study: Wal-Mart and the Power of Global Corporations

Loss of Cultural Identity                                                                   

            Loss of Indigenous Economies                                                          

            Loss of Corporate Social Accountability                               

            The Weakening of Democracy                                                          

The Future: Collaboration and International Social work                      

            International Social Work and The Importance of Social Work Values                   

Chapter Summary

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

 

16. Social Work, Policy, and Advocacy

Social Workers Engaged in Policy Practice                                   

            Various Approaches to Problem Definition                           

The Social Worker as Advocate                                                                             

Social and Economic Justice                                                                       

            Diversity, Oppression, and Human Rights                                        

Stakeholders, Collaboration, and Political Strategy                                 

            Policy Research                                                                                  

            Major Stakeholders                                                                            

            The Strengths Perspective and Policy Advocacy                              

            Policy Windows of Opportunity                                                       

Collaboration and Political Strategy in Policy Advocacy     

            Social Workers and Policy Debate                                                    

            Internet Advocacy                                                                             

Social Workers and Advocacy Success                                          

Chapter Summary   

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

           

 

 

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