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Social Work Services in Schools, CourseSmart eTextbook, 6th Edition

By Paula Allen-Meares

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Jul 21, 2009

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Description

This comprehensive school social work text discusses major issues confronting education as well as practice directions for the design, delivery, and evaluation of school social work services.  


The Sixth Edition features a broader ecological perspective, with more attention to the effects of federal reforms, poverty, multiculturalism, and prevention efforts. It offers information on recent legislation and litigation, servicing disabled pupils, dealing with violence in the schools, and counseling gay and lesbian youth. This edition also includes more case material and examples to illustrate the concepts being discussed.



Table of Contents

1 Major Issues in American Schools

 

Introduction

Purposes of Public Education 

The Inexorable Link Between Poverty and School Performance 

Schools and Their Communities 

Demographic and population changes

 School Reform 

Standards-based reform

Market-based reform 

Vouchers

Charters

Home schooling  

The School as Community Hub

Early Childhood Care and Pre-K Education

Children’s Health and Schools 

 

Finance

Federal Priorities

Local Effort 

Conclusion

 

2 School Social Work: Historical Development, Influences, and Practices

 

Introduction

The Establishment of School Social Work

Early Influences 

Early Definitions

Expansion in the 1920s 

Influence of the Mental Hygiene Movement 

Shifting Goals of the 1930s

Emphasis on Social Casework 1940-1960 

Work with Others to Promote Social Casework Goals

Changing Goals and Methods in the 1960s

Confusion of Roles

Expansion in the 1970s: The Call for Leadership 

Models of Practice

Costin’s Model

Replication of Costin’s StudyL The 1970s

The NASW Study

The 1980s: The Interface of Social Work and Education

1990s–Present 

The Growth of State Associations of School Social Workers

And a New National Organization

School Social Work Credential

Standards for Social Work Services in Schools

Future Directions and Challenges

Conclusion

 

3 Social Organizations and Schools: A General Systems Theory Perspective

 

Introduction

A General Systems Theory Perspective

Schools as Goal Oriented

Subsystems

Suprasystems 

The District Level

The Local Community Level

The Institutional Level

Social Organization

Schools

Academic Press and Sense of Community 

Research Findings

Discussion  

Communities 

Social Control and Social Support

Research Findings

Discussion 

Conclusion

Implications for Social Work Practice in Schools 

 

4  An Ecological Perspective of Social Work Services in Schools

 

Introduction

The Profession of Social Work

Values 

Social Work Values

Applications to Social Work in Schools

Purpose

Knowledge

Examples of Knowledge Applicable to School Social Work Practice 

Sanction

Intervention Methods  

The Ecological Perspective

Case Illustration

Case Illustration

School and Community Interface  

Case Illustration 

Pupil and School Interface 

Risk and Resiliency

Ecological Environments

Ecological Assessment

Ecological Intervention

A Framework for Specialization in School Social Work

Conclusion

 

5 Student Rights and Control of Behavior

 

Introduction 

Sources of School Districts’ Authority

The In Loco Parentis Doctrine

Common Law of the Schools

The Legal Authority of the State

Basic Constitutional Rights 

Due Process

Other Constitutional Rights

Freedom of Speech and Expression 

The Tinker Case 

Freedom of Dress and Appearance 

Freedom of Religion

Other Privacy Issues

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974

Sharing Student Information

Reasonable Search and Seizure

 Discipline in the Schools

Corporal Punishment

Suspensions and Expulsions

Discipline of Children with Disabilities

School Attendance

Compulsory Education

Attendance and Certain Groups of Children 

Children who are Homeless 

Children with Disabilities

Children with Religious Objections to Public School Attendance 

Children who do not attend School

Negative Consequences for Absent Children 

Conclusion

 

6 Violence in Schools

 

Introduction

Major Trends and Issues

Expanding school violence definitions and behaviors

The Myth of a Continual Rise in School Violence Rates

Fatal Victimization of School Grounds

Weapons on School Grounds

Expulsion for Weapons and Zero Tolerance

 Physical Fights on School Grounds

Other Nonfatal Forms of Violence 

Gang Activity at School

Student Perceptions of Safety at School/on the Way to and from School

Bully/Victim Rates

Cyberbullying 

Teacher and School Social Worker

Victimization 

Is School Violence Still a Problem?

Types of Interventions

Characteristics of Ineffective Interventions 

A Singular Focus on the Sources of the Problem

 A Psychological/Behavioral Focus

Conceptual Underdevelopment and Underuse of the School Context 

Focus on “Deficits” in Children

Characteristics of Successful Programs

Cultural Considerations

Social Work Research Contributions to Cultural Understandings of

School Violence 

Common Types of Interventions that Schools and School Social Workers Are Using

The Scope of the Programs

Common Interventions 

Special Education and Violence

Program Interventions 

Promising Prevention and Intervention Programs

High Quality Early Childhood Education

School-based Bully and Victim Intervention Programs

Second Step 

Positive Adolescents Choices Training

Cyberbullying interventions

How to Select the Right Program for a Specific School or

Document the Success of Grassroots Programs  

Monitoring and Mapping as Methods and a Process

Quantitative Monitoring of Violence-Prone Locations: Example of School A

Quantitative Monitoring of Violence-Prone Locations: Example of School B 

Conclusion

 

7 Children with Disabilities

 

Introduction

Background and Early Influences

Landmark Legislation: The Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 (P.L. 94-142)

No Child Left Behind Act of 2001  

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) Today

Early Intervening 

Highly Qualified Teachers

Increased Responsibility for Parents

Paperwork Burden

Transition to Adulthood

Critical Elements of the IDEA 

Child Find 

Evaluation and Eligibility–Use of Valid, Reliable, Nondiscriminatory Procedures 

Parental Input

Due Process 

Least Restrictive Environment

Individualized Education Program (IEP)

Early Intervention

Transition Planning 

Related Services 

Section 504 Plans

 Issues in implementation

Renewed Attention to the Primacy of Emotional Development 

Special Education Philosophy and Early Intervention

Functional Behavior Assessment

Discipline 

Accountability

Minority Representation in Special Education

Research in Special Education

Preschool Inclusion

Parent-Professional Relationships and Collaboration

Conclusion

Implications for Social Workers

 

8  Some Target Groups of Children

 

Introduction

Enrollment and Staffing

The Concept of Pupil Life Tasks 

Pupils who are at Risk of School Failure

At-Risk Preschoolers 

Children from Low-Income Areas

The Migrant Child

Homeless Children

Adolescent Parents

Comprehensive Sex Education 

Career Planning and Personal Development

AIDS and Youth

Gay and Lesbian Youth 

Abused and Neglected Children

Neglected Children 

Sexually Abused Children  

Kinship Care

Gang Violence and Delinquent Behaviors

Nonattenders 

Drug and Alcohol Users

Gifted and Talented Youth

Conclusion

 

9  The Design of Social Work Services

 

Introduction

Bilingual and bicultural Education 

Antecedent Movements in the United States 

The Move to Americanize Immigrant Children 

The Emergence of Bilingual Education 

Definition and Intent of Bilingual and Bicultural Education

The Beginning Legal Framework of Bilingual and Bicultural Education

The No Child Left Behind Act

The Courts and Bilingual Education  

The United States Supreme Court and Bilingual Education

Other Court Involvement and Bilingual Education

Courts and The No Child Left Behind Act  

Background of Desegregation-Integration Efforts 

The Challenge: Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

Implementation of the Brown Decision

The Neighborhood School

Busing Students and Racial Balance: A Legal Political Issue

The Major Question Raised by the Busing Controversy

School Desegregation and “White Flight?”

Continued U.S. Supreme Court Involvement in Desegregation Issues

The United States Supreme Court and Resegregation

The Supreme Court and the Voluntary Use of Diversity Data

A Return to Racial Isolation 

Conditions for Successful Desegregation  

Gender and Educational Opportunity 

The Systematic Relationship Between Sex-Role

Development and Educational Practices

Legal Provisions: Sex Discrimination in Public Schools 

Violation of Title IX  

Sex Discrimination and Pregnancy 

Sexual Harassment and Title IX 

Sexual Orientation and Equal Education Opportunity 

Equal Educational Opportunity: Social Work Values and Practices 

 

 

10 The Design of Social Work Services

 

Introduction

Individual Context

School Organizational Context 

Needs and Sociopolitical Demands of Multiple Stakeholders

Administrative Style 

Political Dimensions in the Organization

Developing a Relationship of Trust with School Personnel

Interprofessional Practice

Research on the Effects of School Culture and Collaboration

Conducting an Assessment of School Culture

A System of Integrated Services

An Ecosystem Model 

Community Context

Assessing Sociopolitical Dynamics of School and Community

Family and Parents Context 

Socioeconomic Family Trends 

Family Diversity 

Working with School and Family 

 Assessing Oneself in Preparation for Services Delivery 

Culturally-competent Assessment

Assessing Professional Values and Ethics

Assessing Professional Competency  

Designing Empirically Supported Interventions around needs of the School

Reconciling School and Social Work Outcome Priorities 

Evidence-based programs that work 

Selecting an Evidence-based Program that fits

Services Evaluation and Reporting

Standards and Accountability

Social Work Services Plan

Reporting School Social Work Services

Conclusion

 

 

11The Delivery of School Social Work Services

 

Introduction

Expanded School Mental Health and School-Linked Services

Resources for Expanded School Mental Health Services

Consequences for School Social Work Services Delivery

Controversies for School Social Work Delivery 

Emerging Roles of School Social Workers Within

Expanded School Mental Health And School-Linked Services 

Ethics in School Social Work Practice

Evidence-based Practice 

Preparing for EBP 

Assessment and Outcome Measurement within Evidence-based Practice

Current Intervention Roles 

Consultant

Clinical Interventionist 

Enabler and Facilitator

Collaborator

Educator

Mediator

Advocate 

Diversity Specialist

Manager

Case Manager and Broker

Community Intervention 

Policy Initiator and Developer

Specialized Intervention Skills

Intervention with Individual Students

Crisis Intervention 

Working with Emotionally and Behaviorally Disturbed Students

Severe Problems and Conduct Disorder

Helping Individual Students with Conduct Disorder

Interventions with Bullying and Aggressive Behaviors

Violence

Foster Families and Children

Prevention

Intervention with Families  

Immigrant Families

Intervention with Groups

Interventions with Classrooms 

Intervention with the School

Conclusion 

 

12 Evaluating School Social Work

 

Introduction

Program and Practice Evaluation: Meaning and Context

Why Evaluate Programs?

Why Evaluate Practice? 

Politics of Context

Embedding the Evaluation in Culture 

Role of the Evaluator 

Evaluability Assessment  

Process and Outcome Evaluation: Compatibility and Purpose

Process Evaluation

Outcome Evaluation 

Process and Outcome: One without the Other 

Needs Assessment 

Designing and Implementing Evaluation Studies 

Measurement Issues

Selection of Instruments 

When Goals or Outcomes are not Achieved 

Selected Types of Single System Designs Useful

In Evaluating School Social Work Services

Designs for Evaluation 

The B Design

The A-B Design 

The A-B-C Design

The A1-B1-A2 Design

The A1-B2-A1-B2 Design

The B1-A-B2 Design 

The Multiple-baseline Across Subjects Design 

Selected Group Research Designs for Evaluating

School Social Work Practices

The Pretest-Posttest Design (O1-X-O2)

The Pretest-Posttest Comparison Group Design 

The Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial (RCT) 

Preparing and End-of-the-Year Report Summary Report

Ethical and Human Subjects Issues in Evaluation

Conclusion

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Social Work Services in Schools, CourseSmart eTextbook, 6th Edition
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$54.99 | ISBN-13: 978-0-205-62863-6