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Strategy and Structure, 4th Edition

By William J. Kelly

Published by Longman

Published Date: Jul 11, 2007

Description

Strategy and Structure contains 37 short readings arranged by rhetorical patterns, which are presented as techniques or methods that enable a writer to fulfill the purpose of an essay.

Table of Contents

Thematic Contents

Preface

1      Writer as Reader

Developing Your Abilities 

The Writer’s Purpose x   Active Reading   
The Writer’s Approach

The Process Illustrated

Lyn Metivier, The Reading Disorder  it.

Exercises 

2      Prewriting: Generating Ideas                                                                  

Examining the First Stage of the Writing Process 

The Principles and Approaches of Prewriting* 

Freewriting    Brainstorming   Clustering *

Branching*     Maintaining a Journal

Exercises 

3      Composing: Developing an Effective
Draft Essay                                                                                                  

Moving from Ideas to Essay 

Recognizing the Structure of an Essay 

The Introduction xx   The Body   
The Conclusion

Understanding the Thesis: The Bridge from Prewriting to Composing 

Developing an Effective Thesis xx   Placing the Thesis Effectively xx   Creating Effective Content and Correct Form

Focusing on Your Reader*

Amplifying to Meet the Needs of Your Reader*

Maintaining Unity*

Considering Organization*

Preserving Coherence*

Completing Multiple Drafts 

Providing Proper Documentation 

Exercises 

4      Revising: Refining Your Writing                                                           

Making Your Writing Polished and Effective 

Reassessing 

Redrafting 

Editing 

Tightening Your Writing    Proofreading

The Relationship between Your Purpose and the Rhetorical Modes 

Exercises 

5      Narration                                                                                                     

The Technique 

The Proper Sequence    Flashbacks and Flashforwards *  Effective Point of View xx  A Thorough Presentation

An Annotated Example

LANGSTON HUGHES, Salvation 

MARGERY EAGAN, Bond between Mother, Child Understood after Mom Is Gone 

.

FRANK MCCOURT, The Bed  *

HARTLEY NEITA, Old Man Edwards  *

Other Possibilities for Using Narration 

Writing at Work 

Narration

Blue Man Group, Tubes

Practical Application: Narration 

6      Description                                                                                                  

The Technique 

Sensory Details    A Developed and Focused Description  *  Objective and Subjective Description   An Appropriate Order *

An Annotated Example

AMY TAN, Fish Cheeks 

RICHARD SELZER, The Discus Thrower 

JAMAICA KINCAID, My House  *

STEPHEN KING, A Walk Seriously Interrupted  *

I

Other Possibilities for Using Description 

Writing at Work

Description

Press Release:  Too Many Cooks? *

Practical Application: Description 

7      Example                                                                                                        

The Technique 

Specific Examples *   Relevant Examples *

Multiple and Varied Examples *  An Effective Arrangement *

An Annotated Example

STEVEN PINKER, Horton Heared a Who

BERNICE KANNER, The Nose Knows After All  *

.

STEVEN DOLOFF, Let’s Offer a Good Word on Politics  *

.

BOB KERR, The Best Story Turned Out to Be No Story
at All
 

Other Possibilities for Using Example 

Writing at Work

Example

FAQ 

Practical Application: Example

8      Process                                                                                                        

The Technique 

Clarity and Directness    Simple, Logical Steps    Specific Outcomes and Negative Instructions  xxx  Linear Order

An Annotated Example

DIANE ACKERMAN, Why Leaves Turn Color in
the Fall
 

JOSUA PIVEN and DAVID BORGENICHT, How to Land
a Plane
 

.

JILL GRIFFIN, Growing a Loyal Customer  *

.

MALCOLM X with ALEX HALEY, Education 

.

Other Possibilities for Using Process 

Writing at Work 

Process

Parking 

Practical Application: Process 

9      Definition

The Technique 

The Elements of an Effective Definition   Formal, Limited, and Extended Definition * Denotation, Connotation, and Etymology    Negation *

An Annotated Example

ELLEN GOODMAN, The Workaholic 

JOE ROGERS, Yellow Skies, Blue Trees  *

ROGER ROSENBLATT, The Man in the Water 

ANNA QUINDLEN, Homeless

Other Possibilities for Using Definition 

Writing at Work 

Definition

Tonight’s Sky 

Practical Application: Definition 

10   Comparison and Contrast                                                                         

The Technique 

A Clear Basis for Comparison   A Thorough and Specific Presentation    Appropriate Analogies and Illustration*   An Effective Arrangement

An Annotated Example

DEBORAH TANNEN, Conversation at Warp Speed *

KAY REDFIELD JAMISON, Speaking of Madness  *

STEPHEN BAYLEY, The Triumph of the Good Bad Book *

ELIZABETH WONG, To Be an All-American Girl

.

Other Possibilities for Using Comparison and
Contrast 

Writing at Work

Comparison and Contrast

Dexa Scan Report

Practical Application: Comparison and Contrast  xxx

11   Cause and Effect

The Technique 

Direct and Related Causes and Effects    Multiple Cause-and-Effect Situations    An Appropriate
Focus    An Effective Arrangement
 

An Annotated Example

KEN WEBER, The Varying Wonder of Waves

STANLEY ARONSON, The Sweet, Fresh Smell of Morning  *

.

NICOLE KRYSTAL, ‘Tutoring’ Rich Kids Cost Me My Dreams *

ANNIE DILLARD, Hitting Pay Dirt 

Other Possibilities for Using Cause and Effect 

Writing at Work 

Cause and Effect

Dixie Cups 

Practical Application: Cause and Effect

12   Division and Classification

The Technique 

An Annotated Example

DAVID BODANIS, What’s in Your Toothpaste

.

JONATHAN WALTERS, Throwing 

DIANE RIVA, Exposed Toes 

.

ARNO KARLEN, Ectoparasites 

Other Possibilities for Using Division and
Classification 

Writing at Work

Division and Classification

Products and Services 

Practical Application: Division and Classification 

13   Argument                                                                                                    

The Approach: Understanding Argument 

The Modes in Combination  
Types of Appeals
  Types of Argument

The Development of Your Paper 

A Clear Stance on the Issue   Sufficient Valid Support   Tone    Errors in Logic  
An Effective Arrangement

An Annotated Example*

WYNTON MARSALIS, Saving America’s Soul Kitchen *

RUBEN NAVARRETTE, JR, Debunking Myths about Latinos *

DUANE SHILLINGER, Prison Cells Open as School Doors Close *

CHARLES KRAUTHAMMER, Beer?  Hot Dogs?  Steroids?  *

Other Possibilities for Argument Essays 

Writing at Work 

Argument

Oxfam:  Dear Friend. . . .  *

Practical Application: Argument 

Appendix:  Documentation 

Glossary

Additional Course Materials

Argument: A Prentice Hall Pocket Reader

ISBN-13: 978-0-13-232358-1

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Patterns: A Prentice Hall Pocket Reader

ISBN-13: 978-0-13-225068-9

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Public Literacy, 2nd Edition

ISBN-13: 978-0-321-12998-7

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Study Card for Grammar and Documentation

ISBN-13: 978-0-321-29203-2

$12.40 | Add to Cart

Using Portfolios

ISBN-13: 978-0-321-08412-5

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ISBN-13: 978-0-205-56558-0

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