Traditional learning focuses on learning about things. The teacher dispenses the information and the student receives it. The inquiry approach emphasizes how we learn things rather than just what we know. Instead of just memorizing facts, students are actively involved in learning. Learning becomes fun when students are fascinated by something and it reflects their interests, goals, and experiences.
Using a two-part structure–Methods for Teaching Science as Inquiry and Activities for Teaching Science as Inquiry–this book will empower teachers to successfully bring inquiry into the science classroom. The Methods portion scaffolds concepts and illustrates instructional models. The Activities portion follows the 5-E model (Engage, Explore, Explain, Elaborate, Evaluate,) a Learning Cycle model that reflects the NSES Science as Inquiry Standards.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Children, Science, and Inquiry: Some Preliminary Questions
What Does It Mean to Teach Science As Inquiry?
Why Should Children Learn Science?
U.S. Science Education: Where Have We Been, Where Are We Now, Where Are We Going?
What Shall We Teach in Science?
Science and Technology
Teachers and Inquiry
Chapter 2 Processes and Strategies for Inquiry
Processes of Science
Descriptive, Classificatory, and Experimental Investigations
Teachers, Children, and Inquiry
Chapter 3 Learning Science with Understanding
The New View of Learning
Enhancing the Understanding of Science
Children's Alternative Conceptions and Science Learning
Development, Learning, and Science Teaching
Chapter 4 Teaching Science for Understanding: The 5-E Model of Instruction
The 5-E Model of Science Instruction
Guided Discovery, Textbook, and Direct Instruction
Approaches to Teaching Science
Research on the Effectiveness of Different Approaches to Science Instruction
Selecting Instructional Approaches for Teaching Science
Chapter 5 Planning and Managing Inquiry Instruction
Planning Science Lessons
Managing Inquiry Instruction and Learning
Chapter 6 Assessing Science Learning
Assessment and Evaluation
Assessment and Inquiry Science
Informal, Traditional, and Performance Assessments
Fitting Assessment Methods to Learning Objectives
Examples of Informal Assessments
Examples of Performance Assessment
Examples of Traditional Assessment Items
Characteristics of Items on Statewide Tests of Science
Chapter 7 Effective Questioning
Questioning: An Essential Tool for Teachers
Questioning to Guide Inquiry Discussions
Responding to Student Ideas
Questioning Strategies in the Classroom: Properties of Air in First Grade
Some Considerations in Questioning
Chapter 8 Technology Tools and Resources for Inquiry Science
The Internet as a Technology Resource for Inquiry Science
Use Commercially Available Multimedia Packages to Enhance Science Inquiry
Use Instructional Software Packages
Use Computer-Based Laboratories to Collect and Process Data
Use Spreadsheets to Organize and Analyze Data
Communicate Through Multimedia Presentations
Managing Educational Technology in the Science Classroom
Take the Plunge-Join the Information Age
Chapter 9 Connecting Science With Other Subjects
Connecting Science and Mathematics
Connecting Science and Literacy
Connecting Science and Social Studies
Chapter 10 Science for All Learners
Students with Special Learning Needs
Science for Gifted and Talented Students
Science for Students from Linguistically and Culturally Diverse Backgrounds
ACTIVITIES FOR TEACHING SCIENCE AS INQUIRY
Section I: Teaching Inquiry Science Activities
Section II: Physical Sciences Activities
Section III: Life Science Activities
Section IV: Earth and Space Science Activities
Appendix A: Safety Suggestions for Elementary and Middle School Inquiry Activities
Appendix B: Measuring Tools, Measuring Skills
Appendix C: Selected Sources of Science Supplies, Models, Living Things, Kits, and Software
Appendix D: Selected Science Education Periodicals for Teachers and Children
Appendix E: Professional Societies for Teachers, Supervisors, and Science Educators
Appenidx F: Contemporary Elementary Science Projects and Programs
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