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Teaching Science for All Children: An Inquiry Approach, CourseSmart eTextbook, 5th Edition

By Ralph Martin, Colleen Sexton, Teresa Franklin, Jack Gerlovich, Dennis McElroy

Published by Pearson

Published Date: May 6, 2008

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The Fifth Edition of this popular elementary science methods text emphasizes learning science through inquiry, implementation of the Learning Cycle, NSE standards, constructivism, technology, and strategies for teaching diverse learners.

Teaching Science for All Children employs an inquiry model throughout, especially apparent in the design of its learning cycle lesson plans. Engaging Questions, Exploration, Explanation, Expansion, and Evaluation make up the “Es” of this modern learning cycle based on the model first invented by Robert Karplus as part of the Science Curriculum Improvement Study in the 1960s. The text provides methods for future teachers to foster awareness and understanding among their students of the nature of science; to construct understandings of and connections between various science content; to encourage application of science inquiry processes in the classroom; and to develop their students’ understanding of the interactions between science, technology, and society.  The final sections of the book incorporate Life Science, Physical Science, and Earth and Space Science lessons as a means to convey important pedagogical content knowledge and ideas to implement in the elementary classroom.

Table of Contents


I. 4-E Methods for Teaching Science

1. What is the Nature of Science?


How Do Children Perceive Science?

What Changes Have Occurred in Elementary Science?

The Nature of Science

Three Essential Features of Science

The Aims of Standards and Research-Based Education


2. How do Children Learn Science?


What Role Does Brain Development and Processing Play in Learning?

 Where Do Children's Ideas Come From and How Do They Influence Learning?

What Is the Dominant Perspective About How Children Learn Science?

What Techniques and Roles Support Constructivist Learning?


3. How Can You Improve Science Learning for Diverse Learners?


Science For All

Science for Exceptional Children

How Can Parents Help Meet Children's Special Needs?


4. How Do You Plan for the Inquiry-Based Classroom?


Using the National Science Education Standards and Promoting Inquiry.

Concept Mapping

Planning Constructive Inquiry Science Lessons


5. What Inquiry Methods Help Learners to Construct Understanding?


What is Scientific Literacy?

Science as Inquiry for Literacy

Methods that Use Inquiry to Promote Student Concept Formation

Techniques for Promoting Student Cooperation

Recommendations for Enhancing Student's Learning of Science


6. How Can You Use Questions to Foster Scientific Inquiry?


Questions on Questions

What Are the Different Types of Questions?

What Are the Keys to Effective Questioning?

How Can You Improve Your Questioning?

Why Use Students' Questions


7. How Do You Develop and Use Authentic Assessment?


Evaluating Student Learning

Selecting the Tool for the Task.


8. How Does Technology Enrich Scientific Inquiry?


Why Use Educational Technology?

How Can Educational Technology Be Applied in the Context of Science Teaching?

What Is Integration?


9. How Do You Plan for and Integrate Science with Other Disciplines?


Approaches to Integration

Challenges to Integration


10. How Can You Design and Manage a Safe Inquiry-Based Science Classroom?


Recommendations for Safe Science Experiences

How Do You Plan for Safety?

What Are Your Legal Responsibilities?

Safety Equipment

Performing Safety Assessments

What Materials are Necessary for the Activities?


Room Arrangement

A Final Thought


11. What Materials and Resources Promote Inquiry-Based Science?


Lessons Learned

Selecting and Using Textbooks

Best Practices

Resources for Best Practices

II. 4-E Inquiry Lessons for Teaching Science

Life Science Lessons and Activities


Physical Science Lessons and Activities


Earth and Space Science Activities


Appendix: National Science Education Standards: Contents Standards for Grades K-4 and 5-8.




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Teaching Science for All Children: An Inquiry Approach, CourseSmart eTextbook, 5th Edition
Format: Safari Book

$76.99 | ISBN-13: 978-0-13-207438-4