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Theories of Human Development: A Comparative Approach, CourseSmart eTextbook, 2nd Edition

By Michael Green, John A. Piel

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Dec 7, 2009

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Description

This book is written primarily for psychology and education students whose programs include a course in child psychology,

 child development, or theories of development.  The text may also be used to supplement courses on child development

 organized thematically or chronologically.  Instructors of graduate courses in child development may wish to consider this text

 as a primary synthesis containing more source material and source citations than others of its kind.

      The primary aim of the book is to describe what developmental theories are, what they can do, where they come from, how

 they work, and how they can be used to explain human nature.

Table of Contents

             PART  I PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATIONS

 

Chapter 1                    Theories as Windows for Looking to See

Preview questions

Why do we study theories?

What is a theory?

Windows for looking to see

            Theory Definition

Structural components of developmental theories

            Assumptions

            Explaining human phenomena

            Internal principles

            Bridge principles

            Change mechanism

Limitations of developmental theories

Families and Paradigms of developmental theories

Paradigms and paradigm "cases" in developmental psychology

            Philosophical antecedents of developmental theories

            The big picture:  Paradigms in perspective 

Summary points

Suggested readings

 

Chapter 2                    Evaluating Developmental Theories

Preview questions

Evaluating theories of human development

Values of scientific worthiness

Developmental adequacy

Pedagogical usefulness

Important paradigm patterns

Summary points

Suggested readings

 

PART II THE ENDOGENOUS PARADIGM

 

Chapter 3                    Freud and Psychoanalysis

Preview questions

Historical sketch

Structural components of psychoanalysis

            assumptions

            problems for study

            internal principles

            bridge principles

            change mechanism

Explaining human development:  the research

disorders and psychodynamic treatment

personality types

the Oedipal complex

dreams

looking ahead

Contributions and criticisms of psychoanalysis

            contributions

            criticisms

Evaluation of psychoanalysis

            scientific worthiness

            developmental adequacy

            pedagogical usefulness

Summary points

Problems and exercises

            class exercises

            individual exercises

Suggested Readings

            more about Freud and his theory

            reviews of research

            critical reviews

 

Chapter 4                    Erikson and Psychosocial Theory

Preview questions        

Historical sketch          

Structural components of psychosocial theory   

            assumptions     

            problems for study

            internal principles         

            bridge principles          

            change mechanism       

Explaining human development:  the research    

indirect research on infants and children

child rearing

adolescent identity

cultural context

adulthood and aging

Contributions and criticisms of psychosocial theory       

            contributions

            criticisms         

Evaluation of psychosocial theory         

            scientific worthiness     

            developmental adequacy          

            pedagogical usefulness

Summary points

Problems and exercises

Suggested Readings

            more about the theory

            research reviews

            critical reviews

           

Chapter 5                    Wilson and Sociobiology

Preview questions

Historical sketch

            The legacy of Darwin

            Edward O. Wilson and the roots of sociobiology

Structural components of sociobiology

            assumptions

            problems for study

            internal principles

            bridge principles

            change mechanism

Explaining human development:  the research

            Aggression and dominance hierarchies

            Kinship systems and nomenclature

            Altruism

            Language

            Status hierarchies

Contributions and criticisms of sociobiology

            Contributions

            Criticisms

Evaluation of sociobiology

            scientific worthiness

            developmental adequacy

            pedagogical usefulness

Summary points

Problems and exercises

            class exercises

            individual exercises

Suggested Readings

            more about the theory

            research reviews

            critical reviews

 

 

Chapter 6                    Ainsworth and Infant Attachment

Preview questions

Historical sketch

            from past roots, a new view of infancy

            John Bowlby and the birth of attachment theory

            Harry Harlow and surrogate mothering

            Mary Ainsworth:  attachment types and the secure base

Structural components of attachment theory

            assumptions

            problems for study

            internal principles

            bridge principles

            change mechanism

Explaining human development:  the research

            caretaker qualities

            infant experiences

            attachment and mental development

            attachments later in life

Contributions and criticisms of attachment theory

            contributions

            criticisms

Evaluation of attachment theory

            scientific worthiness

            developmental adequacy

            pedagogical usefulness

Summary points

Problems and exercises

Suggested Readings

            more about the theory

            research reviews

            critical reviews

 

                   PART III THE EXOGENOUS PARADIGM

 

Chapter 7                    Skinner and Operant Conditioning

Preview questions

Historical sketch

            growing up and into psychology

            behaviorism

            the legacy of Ivan Pavlov

            roots of American behaviorism

            operant conditioning

Structural components of operant conditioning

            assumptions

            problems for study

            internal principles

            bridge principles

            change mechanism

Explaining human development:  the research

discrimination learning

            group contingencies

            learned helplessness

            metaanalyses

Contributions and criticisms of operant conditioning

            contributions

            criticisms

Evaluation of operant conditioning

            scientific worthiness

            developmental adequacy

            pedagogical usefulness

Summary points

Problems and exercises

Suggested Readings

            more about the theory

            research reviews

            critical reviews

 

Chapter 8                    Bandura and Social Cognitive Theory

Preview questions

Historical sketch

            personal biography

            extending Skinner’s legacy

Structural components of social cognitive theory

            assumptions

            problems for study

            internal principles

            bridge principles

            change mechanism

Explaining human development:  the research

            aggression

            altruism

            sex roles

            self-efficacy

            social cognitive theory and neuroscience

Contributions and criticisms of social cognitive theory

            contributions

            criticisms

Evaluation of social cognitive theory

            scientific worthiness

            developmental adequacy

            pedagogical usefulness

Summary points

Problems and exercises

Suggested Readings

            more about the theory

            research reviews

            critical reviews

 

Chapter 9                    Vygotsky and Cultural-historical Theory

Preview questions

Historical sketch

Structural components of cultural-historical theory

            assumptions

            problems for study

            internal principles

            bridge principles

            change mechanism

Explaining human development:  the research

            egocentric speech

            zone of proximal development

            other empirical research

Contributions and criticisms cultural-historical theory

            contributions

            criticisms

Evaluation of cultural-historical theory

            scientific worthiness

            developmental adequacy

            pedagogical usefulness

Summary points

Problems and exercises

Suggested Readings

            more about the toeory

            critical reviews

 

                PART IV THE CONSTRUCTIVIST PARADIGM

 

Chapter 10      Piaget and Cognitivedevelopmental Theory

Preview questions

Historical sketch

            an intellectual start

            the stimulus of Kant

            Spencer’s principles of psychology

            Heinz Werner and John Flavell

Structural components of cognitive-developmental theory

            assumptions

            problems for study

            internal principles

            bridge principles

            change mechanism

Explaining human development:  the research

sensorimotor stage

concrete operational stage

            formal operational stage

            other validation studies

Contributions and criticisms of cognitive-developmental theory

Evaluation of cognitive-developmental theory

            scientific worthiness

            developmental adequacy

            pedagogical usefulness

Summary points

Problems and exercises

Suggested Readings

 

Chapter 11      Kohlberg and Moral Development

Preview questions

Historical sketch

            early life

from Piagetian roots

Structural components of moral development theory

            assumptions

            problems for study

            internal principles

            bridge principles

            change mechanism

Explaining human development:  the research

            stage sequence

            cognitive and perspective-taking development

            type A and type B distinction

            promoting moral development

Contributions and criticisms of moral development theory

            contributions

            criticisms

Evaluation of moral development theory

            scientific worthiness

            developmental adequacy

            pedagogical usefulness

Summary points

Problems and exercises

Suggested Readings

 

Chapter 12      The Neo-Piagetians

Preview Questions

Historical Context

Robbie Case and conceptual structure

            Biographical sketch

Structural components of Case’s theory

Juan Pascual-Leone and M-capacity

            Biographical sketch

Structural components of Pascual-Leone’s theory

Kurt Fisher and dynamic skill theory

            Biological sketch

Structural components of Fischer’s theory

Evaluation of the neo-Piagetians

            Scientific worthiness

            Developmental adequacy

            Pedagogical usefulness

Summary points

Suggested Readings

 

PART V  --  SUMMING UP

 

Chapter 13      Are Theories Compatible?

Preview questions

The case for theoretical eclecticism

The case for theoretical purity:  theory incompatibility

Can the eclectic – purist debate be resolved?

Final Comments

Summary

Suggested readings

 

 

References

Subject Index

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Theories of Human Development: A Comparative Approach, CourseSmart eTextbook, 2nd Edition
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$44.99 | ISBN-13: 978-0-205-79227-6