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Tools of the Mind: The Vygotskian Approach to Early Childhood Education, 2nd Edition

By Elena Bodrova, Deborah J. Leong

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Sep 20, 2006


As the only text of its kind, this book provides in-depth information about Vygotsky's theories, neo-Vygotskians' findings, and concrete explanations and strategies that instruct teachers how to influence student learning and development.  Key changes to this edition include a new chapter on dynamic assessment, separate and expanded chapters on developmental accomplishments of infants and toddlers, preschool/kindergarten, and primary grades and on supporting those accomplishments, and elaborations of Vygotsky's ideas from neo-Vygotskians from Russia.




  • Written for the beginning student, the book provides a clear discussion of Vygotskian principles including...a historical overview and a complete chapter on the “Zone of Proximal Development,” (ZPD).
  • Each section of the book builds on the other...framework, strategies, and applications of the Vygotskian approach.
  • The work of Vygotsky is compared in a fair and balanced way with the work of Piaget.
  • Examples and activities have been class-tested in a variety of classroom environments including a Head Start program, private preschool, and in the Denver Public Schools.
  • Table of Contents

    SECTION I        The Vygotskian Framework: The Cultural-Historical Theory of Development


    Chapter 1           Introduction to the Vygotskian Approach

    Chapter 2           Acquiring Mental Tools and Higher Mental Functions

    Chapter 3           The Vygotskian Framework and Other Theories of Development and Learning


    SECTION II       Strategies for Development and Learning


    Chapter 4           The Zone of Proximal Development

    Chapter 5           Tactics: Using Mediators

    Chapter 6           Tactics: Using Language

    Chapter 7           Tactics: Using Shared Activities


    SECTION III      Applying the Vygotskian Approach to Development and Learning in Early Childhood


    Chapter 8           Developmental Accomplishments and Leading Activity: Infants and Toddlers

    Chapter 9           Supporting the Developmental Accomplishments of Infants and Toddlers

    Chapter 10         Developmental Accomplishments and the Leading Activity: Preschool and Kindergarten

    Chapter 11         Supporting the Developmental Accomplishments in Preschool and Kindergarten

    Chapter 12         Developmental Accomplishments and the Leading Activity: Primary Grades

    Chapter 13         Supporting the Developmental Accomplishments in the Primary Grades

    Chapter 14         Dynamic Assessment: Application of the Zone of Proximal Development





    Author Index

    Subject Index


    This title is also sold in the various packages listed below. Before purchasing one of these packages, speak with your professor about which one will help you be successful in your course.

    Package ISBN-13: 9780135061282

    Includes this title packaged with:

    • Continuing Issues in Early Childhood Education, 3rd Edition
      Stephanie Feeney, Alice Galper, Carol Seefeldt

    $104.47 | Add to Cart

    Purchase Info

    ISBN-10: 0-13-027804-1

    ISBN-13: 978-0-13-027804-3

    Format: Book

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