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Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect, 8th Edition

By Cynthia Crosson-Tower

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Nov 17, 2009

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This best-selling text offers a comprehensive look at child maltreatment and incorporates history, case vignettes, and the author's own experience as a child protection worker.


The author covers the history of child welfare, and neglect.  In addition, Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect explains case management procedures and focuses on how various professionals become involved in the child protection process and how treatment is undertaken.  The text concludes with an overview of functional and dysfunctional families, and contrasts healthy child development with development hampered by abuse sion of prevention and a consideration of the future.

Table of Contents


Assessing Websites    


Chapter 1    The Maltreatment of Children from a Historical Perspective

Children as Property   

Issues of Life and Death   
Issues of Dependence   
Issues of Discipline   
Child Labor   
Sexual Values, Attitudes, and Exploitation   
Early History   
The Nineteenth Century   
The Twentieth Century   
The Incest Taboo   
Reasons for Taboo   
Legal and Social Prohibition  
Recent History of Helping the Abused and Neglected Child   
Further Efforts on Behalf of Children   
Professional Awareness and Response to the Movement to Protect Children and Families  
Child Protection Today   
Current Framework   
The Role of Child Protective Services   
Child Rearing, Maltreatment, and Public Opinion  
Review Questions   
Web Exploration   

Chapter 2    The Family: Roles, Responsibilities, and Rights

The Definition and Function of the Family   
The Family as a System   

Subsystems and Boundaries   
Bonding and Attachment   
Minority Family Systems   
African American Families   
Hispanic American Families   
Asian and Pacific Island Families   
Native American Families   
Family Problems and Dysfunction   
The Family and Child Maltreatment   
Parents' Rights   
Children's Rights   

Impact on the Child Protection Movement   

Review Questions   
Web Exploration   


Chapter 3    Maltreatment and the Developing Child

Developmental Stages   

Pregnancy and Birth   

Birth to One Year   
One to Four Years   
Four to Eight Years   
Eight to Twelve Years   

Development, Maltreatment and Resiliency   

Review Questions   
Web Exploration   


Chapter 4    The Neglect of Children

The Neglect of the Concept of Neglect   
Definition and Measurement of Neglect   
Causes of Neglect   

Economic Causes   
Ecological Causes   
Societal Causes   
Individual Causes
Problems in Intervention   
Neglected Children   
Symptoms and Effects of Neglect 
Neglectful Parents   

Efforts to Explain the Behavior of Neglectful Parents   
Substance-Abusing Families   
Domestic Violence and Neglect   
Plight of the Parent and the Social Worker 
Review Questions   
Web Exploration   

Chapter 5    The Physical Abuse of Children

Causes of Physical Abuse   

Interactional Variables   
Environmental/Life Stress Variables   
Social/Cultural/Economic Variables   
Risk Assessment and Physical Abuse   
Child Risk Factors   
Parental Risk Factors   
Family System Risk Factors   
Symptoms of Physical Abuse   
Physical Symptoms   
Behavioral Indications of Abuse   
Abusive Parents   
Parents' Unlearned Tasks from Childhood   
Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy   
Abusive Parents and Adolescents   
Domestic Violence and Other Abuse within the Family   
Domestic Violence   
Abuse by Siblings   
Review Questions   
Web Exploration   

Chapter 6    The Sexual Abuse of Children

Two Groups' Approaches to Child Sexual Abuse   

Child Protection Movement   
Feminist Movement   
Definition of Child Sexual Abuse   
Types of Sexual Abuse   
Intrafamilial Abuse   
Extrafamilial Abuse   
The Progression of Sexual Abuse   
Engagement Phases   
Sexual Interaction and Secrecy Phases   
Disclosure Phase   
Suppression Phase   
Incidence of Sexual Abuse   
Studies of Abuse   
Influence of Reporting on Statistics   
False Allegations Movement   
Profile of the Abused Child   
Children at Risk   
Female Victims   
Male Victims   
Degree of Trauma   
Profile of the Perpetrator   
Multifactor Theories   
Single-Factor Theories   
Process Models   
Who Become Perpetrators?   
Female Abusers   
Juvenile Sexual Offenders
Review Questions   
Web Exploration   


Chapter 7    Incest: Familial Abuse

Incest as a Problem Today   
Societal Contributions to Incest   
Father-Daughter Incest   

Family Patterns   
Profiles of the Family   
Father-Son Incest   
Family Dynamics   
Effects of Father-Son Incest   
Mother-Daughter Incest   
Family Dynamics   
Effects of Mother-Daughter Incest   
Mother-Son Incest   
Family Dynamics   
Effects of Mother-Son Incest 
Brother-Sister Incest   
Family Dynamics   
Effects of Brother-Sister Incest  

Homosexual Sibling Incest   
Incest with Uncles, Grandfathers, and Cousins   
Why Incest Stops   

Review Questions   
Web Exploration   


Chapter 8    Extrafamilial Sexual Abuse, Misuse, and Exploitation

Dynamics and Characteristics of Sexual Abuse outside the Family   



Sexual Abuse by Clergy   

Motivation of Perpetrators   
Crisis in the Catholic Church   
Impact on Victims   
Addressing Clerical Perpetrators  
Sexual Abuse in Day-Care Settings   
Types of Day-Care Abuse   
Reactions and Resulting Changes  
Sex Rings 

Child Pornography, Sexual Deviance and the Internet 
Child Pornography   

Possessors of Child Pornography

Children at Risk

Child Prostitution   

Profiles of Prostitutes   
Missing Children   


Review Questions   
Web Exploration   


Chapter 9    Psychological Maltreatment of Children

Psychological Maltreatment Defined   
The Roots of Psychological Maltreatment   
Characteristics of the Psychologically Maltreated Child   
Family Dynamics   

Difficulty in Detecting and Treating Psychological Abuse 
Ritualistic Abuse   

Review Questions   
Web Exploration   

Chapter  10 Intervention: Reporting and Investigation

Culturally Sensitive Intervention 
The Intervention Process   


Investigating and Validating  
Home Visiting  

Assessing Risk and Protective Factors  

Incidence and Environment
Assessing Causes and Services   
Handling Emergencies   
Assessment Interviewing   

Interviewing Adults   
Interviewing Children
Review Questions   
Web Exploration   

Chapter 11    Intervention: Case Management and Roles of Other Professionals

Case Management Considerations   

Family Reactions   
Custody of the Children  
Other Professionals Involved in the Intervention Process   

The Medical Team   

The Legal Team   
The Educational Team   
The Mental Health Team   
The Community   
Clergy and Church Staff   
Toward a Total Team Approach   

Review Questions   
Web Exploration   


Chapter 12    The Legal Response to Child Abuse and Neglect  

The Legal Rights of Parents and Children   
Types of Court Intervention   

Juvenile Court   
Advantages and Disadvantages of Juvenile Court   
Criminal Court   
The Impact of Court on Children  
Sex Offender Registration   
The Media and the Court   

Review Questions   

Web Exploration  



Chapter 13    Treatment: Physical Abuse and Neglect 

Preparing to Provide Treatment   
Providing Treatment   

Client Resistance   
Client Response   
Eligibility Criteria   

Limited Community Resources 
Treatment Methods  
Who Provides Treatment?  

Family-Centered Services  

Shared Family Care  

Treatment of Physically Abusive Families  

Treatment of the Abused Child  

Treatment of the Parents   

Improving Parent-Child Relationships   
Treatment of the Siblings  

Treatment of Neglectful Families   

Equilibrium Maintenance   

Disequilibrium Techniques  


Review Questions

Web Exploration 


Chapter 14    Treatment: Sexual Abuse

Issues Surrounding Treatment   

Assumptions about the Treatment of the Sexually Abusive Family
 Treatment Models   
Child Sexual Abuse Treatment Programs 
Treatment Methods   
Issues Addressed in Family Treatment   
Phases of Treatment   

Treatment of Specific Family Members   

The Child and Adolescent   

The Mother or Nonabusing Parent 
The Perpetrator   

Treatment of Juvenile Offenders 
Preservation of Incestuous Families  
Parents of Children Abused Outside the Home  


Review Questions   

Web Exploration  



Chapter 15    Foster Care as a Therapeutic Tool

Problems with Foster Care   
Alternatives to Foster Care   
Therapeutic Potential in Foster Care   
The Role and Importance of the Natural Parents   
The Role of Foster Parents   
Other Placement for Abused or Neglected Children 
Residential Treatment   
Adoptive Placement 
Review Questions   
Web Exploration   

Chapter 16    The Social Worker and the System

A Day in the Life of a Protective Worker   
The Role of a Protective Social Worker   

Qualifications and Skills 
Personal Traits   
Frustrations and Pressures 

Does the System Work?   

Looking toward the Future 

Surviving in an Imperfect System   
Developing Cultural Awareness and Competence 
Review Questions   
Web Exploration   

Chapter 17    Adults Abused as Children

Society's Misconceptions   

Myth #1   
Myth #2   
Myth #3   
Reasons for Adults' Disclosure   
Pressures of Adulthood   
Loss, Depression, or Trauma  
Residual Effects of Child Abuse and Neglect   

Effects from the Neglecting Family 

Relational Imbalances   
Low Self-Esteem  
Impaired Social Skills   
Substance Abuse   
Physical Problems 
Effects from the Physically Abusing Family  


Relational Imbalances   
Low Self-Esteem   

Coping Skills

Long-Term Effects of Domestic Violence  
Effects from a Sexually Abusing Family  


Traumatic Sexualization   

Stigmatization and Self-Esteem  
Relational Imbalances   
Multiple Victimization   

Effects from Extrafamilial Abuse   
A Word about Resiliency   

Treatment of Adults Who Were Abused as Children

Repressed Memories 
Individual Therapy  

Group Therapy  

Self-Help Groups   
Writers' Groups   
Legal Actions   

Therapist's Responses to Working with Survivors


Review Questions  

Web Exploration


Chapter 18    Prevention

Child Empowerment Models   

Prevention Efforts in Schools 
Life Skills Training   
Preparation for Parenthood   
Self-Protection Training   
Educational Services for the Community  
Help for At-Risk Families  
 Parent Education Models   

Evaluating Home Visitation Programs   
Parent/Child Screening and Prevention 
Cuturally Sensitive Prevention  

Prevention Efforts by Professionals 
Prevention Efforts within the Community and Nationally 

Review Questions   
Web Exploration 


Chapter 19    Toward a Better Tomorrow

Society, Change, and Child Protection  

Rethinking Child Protection   

Creating a Unified Response   
Looking within, between, and beyond Agencies  

Changes in Society

Reversing the Trend toward Socially Impoverished Families   
Supporting Parenting   

Realigning Societal Values  

What will the Future Hold?
Research Needs   

Review Questions   
Web Exploration   


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