Understanding Social Welfare: A Search for Social Justice, Books a la Carte Edition, 9th Edition

By Ralph Dolgoff, Donald Feldstein

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Jan 13, 2012

Description

Focuses on values and the historical impact of socio-economic structures

 

Understanding Social Welfare: A Search for Social Justice is presented in an organized, comprehensive, and scholarly manner, including social policy concepts. It is accessible to students and helps them acquire the basic tools for understanding, analyzing, and evaluating social welfare policies and programs. This text focuses on the impact of social structure on people’s lives, emphasizing the current concerns of diverse client populations and the search for social justice. It places U.S. welfare in philosophical, political, economic, and international contexts, and includes the latest discussion of policy issues related to gay men and lesbians.

 

A better teaching and learning experience

This program will provide a better teaching and learning experience--for you and your students.  Here's how:   

  •  Personalize Learning – MySearchLab delivers proven results in helping students succeed, provides engaging experiences that personalize learning, and comes from a trusted partner with educational expertise and a deep commitment to helping students and instructors achieve their goals.
  • Improve Critical Thinking – Challenges readers to make their own decisions as they encounter policies and programs with enhanced knowledge and analytic skills.
  • Engage Students – Presents the historical evolution of social welfare and focuses on issues, trends, and conflicts in the context of influential societal developments and values.
  • Explore Current Issues – Includes the latest discussion of policy issues related to gay men and lesbians.
  • Support Instructors – An Instructor’s Manual and Test Bank, Computerized Test Bank (MyTest), Blackboard Test Item File, MySearchLab with Pearson eText, and PowerPoint presentations are included in the outstanding supplements package.

Note: MySearchLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MySearchLab, please visit:

www.mysearchlab.com or you can purchase a valuepack of the text + MySearchLab (at no additional cost): ValuePack ISBN-10: 0205181120 / ValuePack ISBN-13: 9780205181124

Table of Contents

IN THIS SECTION:

1.) BRIEF

2.) COMPREHENSIVE


 

BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS:


Preface    

 

Chapter 1: Socioeconomic Structure, Human Needs, and Mutual Responsibility

Chapter 2: Social Values and Social Welfare    

Chapter 3: Social Values and Social Welfare: England from the Middle Ages Onward    

Chapter 4: Social Values and Social Welfare: The American Experience I    

Chapter 5: America and Poverty: Two Paths: The American Experience II    

Chapter 6: Concepts for Social Welfare    

Chapter 7: Examining a Social Welfare Program within the Context of Social Justice: Structural Components, Alternative Program Characteristics, and Evaluation    

Chapter 8: The Welfare Society and Its Clients    

Chapter 9: Current Social Welfare Programs—Economic Security

Chapter 10: Social Welfare Programs: Sustaining the Quality of Life    

Chapter 11: Nonprofit and Private Social Welfare    

Chapter 12: Social Work: The Emergence of a Profession    

Chapter 13: Social Work: Functions, Context, and Issues    

Chapter 14: Social Trends Affecting Social Welfare   

Chapter 15: Toward the General Welfare and Social Justice    

 

APPENDIX: Sources of Information and Timeline   

Index 

 

 

COMPREHENSIVE TABLE OF CONTENTS:


Preface    

 

Chapter one

Socioeconomic Structure, Human Needs, and Mutual Responsibility    

Overview  

The Impact of Social and Economic Structures    

Cascading Effects

Defining Social Welfare and Social Work    

The American Myth of the Hero    

Balancing Individual and Societal Responsibilities    

Human Rights, Social Justice, Social Work, and Social Welfare    

          Beliefs about Social Justice    

          The Social Minimum: The Standard for Social Justice    

          The NASW Standard: Equal Access and Rights    

          Toward the Social Minimum    

Equality of Opportunity

          Views of Social Welfare    

The Authors’ Perspective  

Summary    

Questions for Consideration    

MySearchLab Connections

Notes    

 

Chapter two

Social Values and Social Welfare    

Overview    

Modern Views of Humanity    

Self-Actualization versus Irritation Response Theories    

Economics and Human Motivation    

An Overview of History    

          Altruism and Mutual Aid    

Ancient Cultures    

          Egypt    

          Hebrew and Judaic Societies    

          Greece and Rome    

Early Christianity    

Holy Poverty and Expectations of the Wealthy    

Eastern Cultures    

          China    

          India    

          Islam   

Summary    

Questions for Consideration   

MySearchLab Connections

Notes    

 

Chapter three

Social Values and Social Welfare: England from the Middle Ages Onward    

Overview    

The Early Middle Ages    

The Middle Middle Ages    

The Late Middle Ages to Elizabethan Poor Laws    

Work and Religion    

The Poor Laws    

The Poor Law Compilation of 1601    

Speenhamland    

The Workhouse    

The Poor Law of 1834    

Principles of the Poor Laws    

Summary    

Questions for Consideration    

MySearchLab Connections

Notes    

 

Chapter four

Social Values and Social Welfare: The American Experience I    

Overview    

American Poor Law Mentality    

Settlements, Labor, and Imported “Poor Laws”    

The Early Spanish Influence, the Mexicans, and Other Hispanics    

Voluntary Mutual Aid Efforts    

          Mutual Aid among African Americans    

Voluntary and Public Responsibilities    

The American Frontier: The Myth and Values    

Mutual Aid among Immigrant Groups    

Rugged Individualism and/or Cooperation?    

American Indians and U.S. History    

The Federal Role in Social Welfare    

The Freedmen’s Bureau    

Veterans and a Suspension of the Ethic    

City, Town, and County: A Local Institution

Social Darwinism    

The Coming of Social Insurance    

Society, Social Values, and Modern Views of Human Nature    

Summary    

Questions for Consideration    

MySearchLab Connections

Notes    

 

Chapter five

America and Poverty: Two Paths: The American Experience II    

Overview    

Three Discoveries of Poverty   

          First Discovery    

          The Fading of the First Discovery    

          Second Discovery    

          Third Discovery    

The War on Poverty    

          Eight Outcomes    

The “Skirmish” against Poverty    

Families, Children, and Poverty    

          Aid to Families with Dependent Children (“Welfare”)    

          An Old-New Path    

          Social Security    

          Contrasting Values and Aims    

The Paths Forward    

Human Nature and the American Dream    

Summary    

Questions for Consideration    

MySearchLab Connections

Notes    

 

Chapter six

Concepts for Social Welfare    

Overview    

What Is Social Welfare?    

Social Policy, Social Services, and Social Work    

          Social Policy    

          Social Services 

          Social Work    

Ideology, Social Policy, and Government Intervention    

          Five Routes to Social Policy    

The Federal and Pluralist System    

The Economic Sphere    

          Fiscal Policy    

          Monetary Policy    

The Importance of Fiscal and Monetary Policy    

A Tarnished Business Sector?    

A Second Welfare System—Corporate and Individual Welfare    

Globalization and Social Justice    

The Bush Administration  

          Obama Administration: A Return to Federalization: Ideology or Pragmatism?

          The Debt Commission

International and National Background Features and the Search for the Dream  

          International

          The United States

Summary    

Questions for Consideration   

MySearchLab Connections

Notes    

 

Chapter seven

Examining a Social Welfare Program within the Context of Social Justice: Structural Components, Alternative Program Characteristics, and Evaluation    

Overview    

Structural Components    

          What Are the Needs and Goals to Be Met?    

          What Is the Form of Benefit That the Program Produces?    

          Who Is Eligible for the Program?    

          How Is the Program Financed?    

          What Is the Level of Administration?    

Alternative Program Characteristics    

          Residual, Institutional, Developmental, or Socioeconomic Asset Development    

          Selective or Universal    

          Benefits in Money, Services, or Utilities    

          Public or Private    

          Central or Local    

          Lay or Professional    

Evaluating the Program    

          Adequacy    

          Financing    

          Coherence   

          Latent Consequences    

Testing for Social Justice    

          Whose Social Justice?    

Views and Proponents    

          The Social Work Clinical Practice Sphere and Social Justice    

          Reader’s Choice    

Summary    

Questions for Consideration    

MySearchLab Connections

Notes    

 

Chapter eight

The Welfare Society and Its Clients    

Overview    

Who Is a Client of Social Welfare?    

What Is Poverty?    

          Understanding Poverty    

          Absolute Poverty    

          Relative Comparison Poverty    

A Description of the Poor    

          Income and Wealth Inequality   

          Causes of Rising Inequality 

          Housing Wealth    

          Counterintuitive Statistics    

          Intergenerational Mobility    

          The Effect of Some Government Programs    

The Near-Poor and Expectations    

Other Views of Poverty    

          Relative Inequality    

          Lack of Power, Access, and Inclusion    

          The Underclass/Culture of Poverty Thesis    

Strategies for Fighting Poverty    

          Social Utilities    

          Investment in Human Capital    

          Income Transfers    

          Rehabilitation    

          Aggregative and Selective Economic Measures    

          Participation and Organization    

Ideology Revisited    

The Second Bush Administration    

          Tax Cuts    

          Faith-Based Initiative    

          Social Security    

          Medicare    

          No Child Left Behind    

          Starve the Beast    

The Obama Administration

Ideology Once Again    

Summary    

Questions for Consideration    

MySearchLab Connections

Notes    

 

Chapter nine

Current Social Welfare Programs—Economic Security    

Overview    

Social Insurance Programs    

Social Security (OASDI)    

Unemployment Insurance    

Temporary Disability Insurance    

Workers’ Compensation    

Income Support Programs    

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families    

Supplemental Security Income    

General Assistance    

Earned Income Tax Credit    

Socioeconomic Asset Development    

Summary    

Questions for Consideration    

MySearchLab Connections

Notes    

 

Chapter ten

Social Welfare Programs: Sustaining the Quality of Life    

Overview    

Managed Care: A Radical Change    

          Major Organizational Types    

          Strategies to Achieve Savings and Profits    

          Public Criticism, Courts, and Legislation    

Health Care Programs    

          Medicare    

          Medicaid   

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (“ObamaCare”) 

Nutrition Programs  

          The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)    

          Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children    

          School Lunch and Breakfast Programs    

Low-Income Home Energy Assistance    

Housing    

Veterans’ Benefits    

Employment Programs    

Personal Social Services    

          Social Services Block Grant (Title XX)    

          Defense Department Social and Mental Health Services    

          Services to Families    

          Services to Children    

Mental Health Services    

Corrections    

Summary    

Questions for Consideration    

MySearchLab Connections

Notes    

 

Chapter eleven

Nonprofit and Private Social Welfare    

Overview    

Early Patterns    

The Nonprofit Sector    

          Types of Nonprofit Agencies    

The Proprietary Private For-Profit Organization    

Services of the Nonprofit and Private Sectors    

Getting and Spending    

Privatization    

Private and Nonprofit Agencies as Social Welfare Programs    

Finances, Recessions, Budgets, and Mergers

          A Point of View    

Leadership, Class, and Gender    

Private and Public Spheres    

          Uses of Public Funds and Power    

          Tax Laws and Policy    

          Accountability    

          National Policy: Church and State    

The Marketplace and the Nonmarket Domain    

Family and Friends    

Toward the Future   

Summary    

Questions for Consideration    

MySearchLab Connections

Notes    

 

Chapter twelve

Social Work: The Emergence of a Profession    

Overview    

The Workers of “Good Works”    

The Process of Professionalization    

A Brief History of Practice and Methods    

Development of the Professional Association    

Social Work with Groups    

Community Organization and Social Planning    

Toward a Unified Profession    

Summary    

Questions for Consideration    

MySearchLab Connections

Notes    

 

Chapter thirteen

Social Work: Functions, Context, and Issues    

Overview    

The Purposes of Social Work    

The Professional within Complex Organizations    

          Complex Organizations and Professional Culture    

          Complex Organizations and Authority    

          The Profession and Professional Autonomy    

          Alternative Roles and Settings    

Society, the Functions of Social Work, and Services for People    

          The “Bottom Line”    

The Two Tracks of Social Work: Cause and Function    

Generic–Specific Social Work    

          Professionals and Volunteers    

          The Number of Social Workers    

Issues Confronting the Profession    

          Multiculturalism    

          Technologies    

          Managed Care  

          Religion and Spirituality    

          Leadership    

          Sufficiency of Qualified Social Workers and Other Resources    

          Accountability    

2010 Social Work Congress

          Proposed Imperatives

Summary    

Questions for Consideration    

MySearchLab Connections

Notes    

 

Chapter fourteen

Social Trends Affecting Social Welfare   

Overview    

National Society    

          Individual and Shared Goals    

          The International Economy    

          Population Growth and Resources   

Food Security

          The Downside of the Upside

          A Human/Nature Crisis and Worldwide Emergency    

The United States: A Changing Population, a Selected Social Welfare Agenda, and Social Justice    

          Productivity and the Service Economy    

          Ethnicity and Pluralism    

          Gender    

          Gay Men and Lesbians    

          The Place of Social Welfare in a Changing Context    

Summary    

Questions for Consideration    

MySearchLab Connections

Notes    

 

Chapter fifteen

Toward the General Welfare and Social Justice    

Overview    

Children and Poverty

          Adverse Effects

          Universal Services Are Needed

Veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan

          Health outcomes

          Social outcomes

          Resources

          Education

          Employment and Training

          Transition Assistance Programs

          Criticisms

          What Should Be Done?

          What will it cost?

          Social Workers, Services, and Policy Choices

Elder Abuse

          What Are the Major Types of Elder Abuse?

          What is Known About Interventions?

          Social Policy

          Implications for Social Work

Globalization, Privatization, Socially Just Services, and the Future of Social Welfare    

          The State of the Welfare State    

          Privatization: The Strategy of Choice    

          Managed Care    

          Drug Abuse Services    

The Roles of Social Work

Issues for Social Workers

A Second Welfare System: Corporate and Taxpayer Welfare and Social Justice

          Two Welfare Systems  

          Evaluation Criteria    

The Choices Before Us: Social Justice and the Baby-Boomer Generation    

          Retirement    

          Health Care    

Technology and Social Action    

Where We Are    

Coda: Two Views of the Future    

Summary    

Questions for Consideration    

MySearchLab Connections

Notes    

 

APPENDIX: Sources of Information and Timeline   

Index 

Purchase Info

ISBN-10: 0-205-18111-2

ISBN-13: 978-0-205-18111-7

Format: Alternate Binding

$95.33 | Free Ground Shipping.

Add to Cart