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Voices of a Nation: A History of Mass Media in the United States, CourseSmart eTextbook, 5th Edition

By Jean Folkerts, Dwight Teeter, Ed Caudill

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Jul 29, 2008

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Description

Voices of a Nation: A History of Mass Media in the United States presents a cultural interpretation of the history of both traditional and nontraditional media, emphasizing how minority and mainstream media together have impacted American history. Voices of a Nation  ties media history the bigger picture of American history and helps students understand the role of media in a democratic society at varied historical points. Organized chronologically, the text recognizes the significant “voices” of such non-traditional media as suffrage newspapers, ethnic newspapers, and cultural movement papers and magazines.

Table of Contents

Contents

Preface

 

Part 1          Media in Early America

Chapter 1 Crossing the Atlantic

Printing Revolution as a Catalyst for Social Change

Prior Restraint in England: Publishing Precedent

            Licensing Challenge by Books and Newspapers

British America

            Definitions of News

            Diffusion of News

            Publishing–A Commercial Enterprise

Conclusion

 

Chapter 2 Resistance and Liberty

Resistance Personified: The Zenger Trial

            Bradford as Forerunner

            The New York Journal

            The Zenger Trial

            After Zenger

Colonial Resistance to Economic Policy

            The Stamp Act

Economic Resistance Turns Political

            The Boston Gazette as Radical Rag

            Letters from a Farmer: Serial Essays

            Journal of Occurrences: Fact or Fiction?

News of Congress and of War

            Congressional Proceedings Secret

            News of War Spreads through Colonies

            Declaration of Independence

            Public Opinion and Freedom of Expression

            Newspapers and Political Pamphlets: Relative Merits

Newspapers for a Continent

            The Significance of Circulations

            Recording Early History: Isaiah Thomas

Conclusion

 

Chapter 3 Forming a New Nation

Constitutional Politics and the Press

            The Fight for Ratification: Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists

            The Bill of Rights: Congress Shall Make No Law

            Enlightenment Philosophy and the Bill of Rights

Evolution of the Commercial Press

            Information Demand and Developing Dailies

Political Press and National Politics

            Federalist Newspapers

            Jeffersonian (Republican) Newspapers

            Lingering Legacy of Seditious Libel

Conclusion

 

Chapter 4 Diversity in the Early Republic

Newspapers and an Informed Public

            Modernization and the Postal Dilemma

            Continuing Political Tradition

            Foreign-Language Press and Diverse Ethnic Backgrounds

            Labor Press

            Native-American Press Responds to European Settlement

            African-American Newspapers as a Response to White Society

Magazines

            The Struggle to Circulate   000

            The New-York Magazine; or, Literary Repository

            The Port Folio

Book Publishing as a Challenge to Cultural Norms

            Technology, Production, and Labor

            Relationship to Religion and Values

Conclusion

 

Chapter 5 Penny Papers in the Metropolis

Characteristics of the Penny Press

            Advertising: Buyer Beware

            Continuity and Change in the Early Nineteenth Century

The New York Leaders

            Benjamin Day and the New York Sun

            James Gordon Bennett and the New York Herald

Reasons for Development

Conclusion

 

Part 2          Media in an Expanding Nation

Chapter 6 Expansion Unifies and Divides

Transportation and Communication

            Postal Express

            Technology and Communications

            Telegraph: Technological and Cultural Change

Communication and the Movement Westward

            Mexican War: Of Words and Images

            Frontier Newspapers

Oral Culture and the Lecture Circuit

Evolution of the Penny Press

            Horace Greeley and the New York Tribune

            Henry Jarvis Raymond and the New York Times

            Chicago Tribune

Press Development in the Antebellum South

            The Richmond Enquirer and the Southern Partisan Press

Conclusion

 

Chapter 7 Communication Issues in the Antislavery Movement and the Civil War

The Abolitionist Movement: Printed Products in an Age of Change

            William Lloyd Garrison: Radical Mission

            Elijah Lovejoy: The Link between Abolition and Civil Rights

            Frederick Douglass and the Black Press

            Iconography: Persuasive Visuals

            Women, Voice, and Pen in the Antislavery Movement

            Uncle Tom’s Cabin: Slavery and the Popular Culture

Restrictions on Publishing

The Civil War

            Reporters and the War

            Press in the North

            The Confederate Press

            Censorship in the North

            Censorship in the South

Photography and Pictorial Illustration

Conclusion

 

Chapter 8 Modernization and Printed Products

A Magazine Revolution

            Quality Monthlies as Preservers of the Old Order

Challenge of Modernization

            Manufacturing/National Distribution Networks

            Newspapers as Reflections of Urbanization

            Dime Novels and Story Papers

            Photographs: Question of Technology and Culture

            Associated Press: Wire Service Monopoly

Pleas for Equality and Progress

            Lynching in the Late Nineteenth Century

            Flourishing African-American Press

            Editors and Modernization

            More Modernity: Lightbulbs and Telephones

Conclusion

 

Chapter 9 Mass Markets and Mass Culture

Advertising and Mass Culture

            Magazines as Vehicles for Advertising

Mass Press for a Mass Audience

            The Debate over Information and Sensation

            Information and Municipal Reform: Concepts   of Urban Community

            Sensation in the Urban Press

Business Promotes Itself

Professionalization and Exclusion

            Development of Exclusive Press Clubs

Critique of the Press

Conclusion

 

Chapter 10 Reform Is My Religion

Impact of Immigration on Society and Publications

            Chicago Press and the “Melting Pot”

The Suffragist Press

            The Beginnings

            The Second Wave: Unity, Diversity, and Growth

            Voices of the Suffragist Press

Black Press at the Turn of the Century

            Booker T. Washington and the Tuskegee Machine

            Opposition to Accommodation

Agrarian Press and the Lecture Circuit

            Purpose

            From Lecture to Newspaper

            Political Hacks or Journalists?

            Agrarian Publications

Conclusion

 

Part 3          Media in a Modern World

Chapter 11 Progressivism and World War I

Mass-Market Muckraking

            McClure’s

            “Will Irwin and “The American Newspaper”

            Munsey’s Magazine

Newspapers in the Early Twentieth Century

            Advertising and Circulation

            Big Business and Big Power

            Reform Legislation

            Newspapers and Social Reform

Control of Information during the War

            Restrictive Legislation and “Discovering”   the First Amendment

            Postal Control and the Milwaukee Leader

            Propaganda and the Committee on Public Information

Media Reaction to the War

            Walter Lippmann and the Noble Cause

            Metropolitan Newspapers and the Status Quo

            A Challenge to the Existing Order

Correspondents at the Front

            Marguerite Harrison: Correspondent, Spy

Electronic Media’s Debut

            Government and Industry Participation

            Going to the Movies

Conclusion

 

Chapter 12 Media and Consumer Culture

Radio: What Have They Done with My Child?

            Technology Breaks Regional Barriers

            Government and Industry Partnership

Newsreels: Facts and Fakery

            “March of Time”

Going to the Movies

Advertising and Consumer Culture

            From Space to Agency Service

            Ethics and Regulation

            Persuasive Strategies

Public Relations: A Corporate Necessity

The 1920s Newspaper and Nationalization

            Chains and Conglomerates

            Content

            National Advertising

            Tabloids

            The Black Press

Novels and Pulps

Conclusion

 

Chapter 13 Depression and Disillusion

            The Documentary Tradition

            Interpretation in the Daily Press

            News Magazines as Journalism of Synthesis

            Radio News

            Criticism and Alternatives

Media Content as Entertainment

            Radio and Popular Culture

Media and Government

            The Newspaper Industry

            Presidents and the Press

            The First Lady and Women in the Press

Photojournalism

            Life

            Margaret Bourke-White

Conclusion

 

Chapter 14 Images of War

A Radio War

            The Wire Services and the War

Media Play Multiple Roles

            Correspondents and Costs

            Columnists and Cartoonists

            Photography Depicts Two Views of Japanese Internment

            Coverage of Nazi Concentration Camps

Media and Government

            Censorship

            The Press and Race in the 1950s and 1960s

            Accountability and Freedom

Television Technology Emerges from the Wings

            Technology and Programming

Black Press Reflects Increased Consumer Power

            Growth of Black Dailies

            Johnson and Ebony–Magazines for the Middle Class

Conclusion

 

Part 3          Corporate Power and Globalization

Chapter 15 Electronic Images in a Cold War

Media Compete for Audiences and Advertising

            Radio in Transition

            Television Moves from New York to Hollywood

Media and the Advertising Industry

            Advertising and Television

Media and Public Relations: The Image of Business

            Corporate Public Relations: Image Control

            Professionalization and Expansion

Media, Government, and Politics

            The Federal Communications Commission

            The House Un-American Activities Committee

            Television Goes to the Elections

A Few Lonely Voices of Dissent

            “Izzy” Stone

Conclusion

 

Chapter 16 Affluence and Activism: The Angry 1960s

At Home and Abroad: The Big Stories

            Civil Rights

            Covering Vietnam

Electronic Media and the Global Village

            Satellite Development and the Global Village

Questions of Media Monopoly, Regulation, and Technology

            Minow and Television as a “Vast Wasteland”

            Public Broadcasting as an Alternative

            Newspaper Consolidation and Profits

Cultural Change in the Newsrooms

            Changes in the Rank and File

Government and the Press

            New York Times v. Sullivan

            The Pentagon Papers Case

            Watergate and the News Media

Credibility and Ethics

            National News Council

            Ombudsmen

            Codes of Ethics

Language of 1960s Journalism

            New Nonfiction

Magazines: Death or Specialization

            Circulation Leaders

            The Aged Endure

            The New Emerge and Last

Conclusion

 

Chapter 17 News as a Corporate Enterprise

Corporate and Public Ownership

            Corporate Ownership of Newspapers

Deregulation and the FCC

            Fairness Doctrine Abandoned

New Technology: Networks in Decline

Technologies of the 1980s

            Cable: Shift of Power

            Media Technology Devices

Computers and an Information Society

            The Microcomputer

Information via the Internet

Government News Management in Modern War

            Press Pools, the Persian Gulf, and Panama

Management of Special-Interest News

            The Exxon Valdez–Public Relations Disaster

            Politics and Public Relations

Changing News Agenda for Newspapers

            USA Today

Conclusion

 

Chapter 18 New Technologies, Globalization, and Wars on Terror and the News Media

The 9/11 Terrorist Attacks

The Comparison to Pearl Harbor

Media Convergence

Creating AOL Time Warner

Journalism and Convergence

Napster, MP3, and the Courts

Consequences of Media Consolidation

Television, Politics and Democracy

The Media and the Election of 2000

The Election of 2004

Pulling Teeth from the Watchdog?

Conclusion

 

Index

 

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Voices of a Nation: A History of Mass Media in the United States, CourseSmart eTextbook, 5th Edition
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$69.99 | ISBN-13: 978-0-205-64488-9