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World Population Dynamics: An Introduction to Demography

By Barbara A. Anderson

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Mar 25, 2014

Description

Examines Demographic Trends from an Historical and Comparative Perspective.


World Population Dynamics: An Introduction to Demography, 1/e by Barbara A. Anderson takes an historical and comparative approach that places demographic conditions and changes in context and illuminates their importance in the past, and present and in years to come. With sociological, economic, health, and political perspectives integrated throughout, readers will gain an understanding of the patterns and causes of population change historically and in the contemporary world.

 

Table of Contents

In This Section:

    I)  Brief Table of Contents

    II)  Detailed Table of Contents

  


I) Brief Table of Contents

  

Chapter 1. The Field of Demography

Chapter 2. The Field of Demography

Chapter 3. Sources of Demographic Data

Chapter 4. Mortality Patterns in the Modern Era

Chapter 5. History and Context of Mortality Differentials and Mortality Decline

Chapter 6. Mortality Decline in the Less Developed Region

Chapter 7. Mortality Issues in the More Developed Region

Chapter 8. Fertility Patterns in the Modern Era

Chapter 9. Theory and Practice of Fertility Decline in Historical Europe and in the Less Developed Region

Chapter 10. Fertility in the More Developed Region

Chapter 11. Age and Sex Structure and Population Projections

Chapter 12. Migration and Urbanization

 


II) Detailed Table of Contents

 

Chapter 1. The Field of Demography

Overview

The Study of Demography

Uses of Demography

Demographic Perspectives

Major Population Phenomena and Related Theories and Frameworks

The Influence of History, Anthropology, Psychology, Political Science, and Statistics on Population Thinking

Demography as a Field

Demographic Patterns, Development, and Social Change

Concluding Comments

 

Chapter 2. The Field of Demography

Overview

World Population Growth

Characteristics of World Regions and of the Ten Most Populous Countries

Consequences of Population Size

The Population Balancing Equation and Components of Population Growth

World Population Aging

World Population Policy Concerns

 

Chapter 3. Sources of Demographic Data

Overview

Demographic Data Sources: Briefly Considered

Combining of Census and Vital Registration Data to Calculate Rates

Population Censuses: Considerations and Problems

Registration of Vital Events: Considerations and Problems

Population Registers: Considerations and Problems

Sample Surveys

Historical Sources

Administrative Data

Assumptions and Accuracy of Estimates: UNAIDS Revision of HIV Prevalence Estimate for India in 2007

Collection of Data about Race and Ethnicity

Data Collection, Development Level, and Precision of Knowledge

Timeliness of Available Demographic Data

Ethical Issues in Demographic Data Collection

 

Chapter 4. Mortality Patterns in the Modern Era

Overview

Overall Mortality Trends—The Infant Mortality Rate and Expectation of Life at Birth

Mortality Trends by Region of Africa

Mortality Trends by Region of Europe

Mortality Indicators in the World’s Ten Most Populous Countries in 2010

Trends in the Infant Mortality Rate and Expectation of Life at Birth in Selected Countries

Typical Mortality Patterns

Rectangularization of Mortality: The Example of Sweden

Age-Adjusted Death Rates

The Life Table

The Effects of HIV on Mortality by Age and Sex

Life Table Patterns in India, the United States, Japan, and Botswana in 2009

Life Table Values Related to Fertility and Old-Age Support for the Ten Largest Countries in 2010

Sex Differences in Mortality by Age: The United States, Russia, and India

Sex Ratios by Age

Sex Differentials in Infant and Child Mortality

What Is the Limit of the Human Life Span?

Female Life Table Patterns with e00 from 25 to 100 Years

The Concept of a Cohort

Real Cohorts and Synthetic Cohorts

 

Chapter 5. History and Context of Mortality Differentials and Mortality Decline

Overview

The Epidemiologic Transition

Historical Mortality Decline

More Consideration of Causes of Death and Disability

 

Chapter 6. Mortality Decline in the Less Developed Region

Overview

Factors Related to Decline from High Mortality to Moderate Mortality in the Less Developed Region

 

Chapter 7. Mortality Issues in the More Developed Region

Overview

Most Important Public Health Achievements in the United States in the Twentieth Century

Old Age Mortality Trends in the United States, France, and Japan

Mortality from Natural Causes and from External Causes by Sex: United States, 2005

 

Chapter 8. Fertility Patterns in the Modern Era

Overview

The General Fertility Rate, the Child–Woman Ratio, and the Total Fertility Rate

The Sex Ratio at Birth

The Gross Reproduction Rate

The Net Reproduction Rate

Calculation of the Net Reproduction Rate

Fertility and Fertility Change in the Ten Most Populous Countries: From 1950–1955 to 2005–2010

The Growth Rate Resulting from Combinations of Expectation of Life at Birth and the Total Fertility Rate

The Net Reproduction Rate Resulting from Combinations of Expectation of Life at Birth and the Total Fertility Rate

Highest Total Fertility Rate and Highest Net Reproduction Rate Countries: 2005–2010

Cohort Fertility

Period and Cohort Total Fertility Rates in the United States:

The Great Depression and the Baby Boom

Population Dynamics and Crisis in Rwanda

The Female Reproductive Period

Fertility and Fecundity

Birth Intervals

Proximate Determinants of Fertility

Marriage and Marital Fertility

Changes in the Age Pattern of First Marriage

Natural Fertility and Controlled Fertility

Age Patterns of Natural and Controlled Fertility

The Contribution of Changes in Marriage Age and Fertility Control to the Shape of the Fertility Schedule

Shifts in the Age Pattern of Fertility in Highly Developed, Low-Fertility Settings

 

Chapter 9. Theory and Practice of Fertility Decline in Historical

 Europe and in the Less Developed Region

Overview

Fertility Change in Historical Europe

Coale’s Preconditions for Fertility Limitation

Age at Marriage in Less Developed Countries

Theories of Decline from High to Moderate or Low Fertility

Some Reasons for the Persistence of High Fertility

KAP Surveys, Fertility Intentions, and Wantedness of Children

The Family-Planning Program in Taiwan: An Early Success Story

Education of Women and the Fertility Transition

Development of Contraceptive Methods

Contraceptive Use

Unmet Need for Family Planning

Linking Adoption of Contraception to Other Contacts with the Health Care System

The Difference between Mortality Policy and Fertility Policy

Shifts in Fertility Policy

Controversies about the Roles of Development and Family-Planning Programs in Fertility Decline in Less Developed Countries

Fertility Cannot Be Lowered and Raised Instantly like Turning a Water Tap Off or On: The Case of Singapore

Changes in Fertility in Pairs of Less Developed Countries

Unwanted Pregnancies, Unwanted Children, and Abortion

 

Chapter 10. Fertility in the More Developed Region

Overview

Contraceptive Use and Abortion in More Developed Countries

Theories of Fertility Decline from Low to Very Low Fertility

Changes in Aspects of Fertility in Low-Fertility Countries

Marriage, Cohabitation, and Fertility Changes in the United States

Examples of Policy Efforts to Raise Fertility

Changes in Fertility in Pairs of More Developed Countries

 

Chapter 11. Age and Sex Structure and Population Projections

Overview

Median Age

Young, Working Age, and Older Populations

Population Pyramids for Actual Populations

Population Projections

Population Projections for the World, Italy, the United States, China, and Mali

The Actual Growth Rate, the Intrinsic Growth Rate, and Population Momentum

 

Chapter 12. Migration and Urbanization

Overview

Defining Migration

Measuring Migration

Migration Theories

Movers and Stayers

Migration and Mortality

Migration and Climate Change

Migration and Fertility

Internal Migrants

Government Policies and Views about Internal Migration

Involuntary Internal Moves and Restrictions on Internal Migration

Family Migration Decisions in the United States

Patterns of U.S. Interregional Migration

International Migrants

Government Policies about International Migration

Immigration to the United States

Citizenship Laws in Various Countries

Resentment toward Immigrants

Stateless Persons

Political Shifts and International Migration

What Is Urban?

Ideas about the Development of Urban Places and the Nature of Urban and Rural Life

Urbanization and Urban Growth

Urban and Rural Populations in the World: 1950–2010

Urban Agglomerations

Megalopolises

Overbounded Cities, Underbounded Cities, and Alternative City Boundary Definitions

Size Distributions of Cities

Central Cities, Suburbanization, Transportation Improvement, and Nonmetropolitan Growth in the United States and Other MDR Countries

The Changing Nature of Rural Places

 

Appendix A: United Nations Classification of Countries

Appendix B: Websites with Useful Population Information

Appendix C: Major Population Journals

Glossary

Index

Purchase Info

ISBN-10: 0-205-74203-3

ISBN-13: 978-0-205-74203-5

Format: Book

$109.20 | Free Ground Shipping.

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