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Write Stuff, The: Thinking Through Essays, 2nd Edition

By Marcie Sims

Published by Longman

Published Date: Jan 3, 2011

Description

The Write Stuff: Thinking through Essays equips developing writers with the critical thinking skills they need to interpret and analyze information and express their ideas clearly and logically in writing.

Table of Contents

BRIEF TOC

To the Instructor

Preface to the Student

PART I :  CRITICAL THINKING

Chapter 1:  Critical Thinking In Writing and Reading

Chapter 2:  Critical Thinking and Reading Techniques

PART II:  WRITING EXPOSITORY PARAGRAPHS AND ESSAYS

Chapter 3:  Writing Expository Paragraphs

Chapter 4: Essays: Building Blocks

Chapter 5:  Essays: Process

Chapter 6:  Essays: Order, Unity, and Coherence

Part III:  Writing and Critical Thinking in the Modes

Chapter 7:  Narration

Chapter 8:  Description

Chapter 9:  Process

Chapter 10:  Classification

Chapter 11:  Definition

Chapter 12:  Example and Illustration

Chapter 13:  Cause and Effect

Chapter 14:  Comparison and Contrast

Chapter 15:  Argument and Persuasion

Chapter 16:  Timed In-Class Essays and Essay Exams

PART IV:  USING SOURCES WITH INTEGRITY

Chapter 17:  Paraphrase, Summary, and Analysis

Chapter 18:  Finding, Evaluating, and Using Sources

Chapter 19:  Documentation: Using Modern Language Association (MLA) Format

PART V:  READINGS AND VISUALS FOR THINKING AND WRITING

Chapter 20:  Analyzing Visuals

Chapter 21:  Writing About Stories and Essays

Chapter 22:  Reading Selections and Critical Thinking Tasks

PART VI:  SENTENCE CONSTRUCTIONS AND COMMON SENTENCE ERRORS

Chapter 23:  Sentence Parts

Chapter 24:  Sentence Variety

Chapter 25:  Correcting Major Sentence Errors

PART VII : HANDBOOK OF GRAMMAR, MECHANICS, AND STYLE

Chapter 26:  Commas, Semicolons, and Colons

Chapter 27:  Other Punctuation

Chapter 28:  Common Shift And Construction Errors

Chapter 29:  Spelling And Mechanics

Chapter 30:  Tone, Style, Word Choice, And Usage

Chapter 31:  Vocabulary in Context

Chapter 32:  Grammar Points To Remember And Practice For Non-Native Speakers

Credits

Index

 

DETAILED TOC

To the Instructor

Preface to the Student

PART I :  CRITICAL THINKING

Chapter 1:  Critical Thinking In Writing and Reading

Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking Tools

            Critical Thinking Toolbox

Critical Thinking Checklist

Critical Thinking in Action

Reading:  “Texting: Blessing or Curse?” by Matthew Zellmer

In Summary

Chapter 2:  Critical Thinking and Reading Techniques

Critical Thinking and the Reading Process

Active Reading

Six Steps to Active Reading

Step One: Preview the Reading

Step Two: Think About What You Already Know About the Topic

Step Three: Create Questions to Begin Your Dialogue with the Text

Step Four: Read in Blocks

Step Five: Write in Your Reader’s Log

Step Six: Review and Answer

Example of the Six Steps in Action

Reading:           As Icecaps Melt, Russia Races for Arctic’s Resources, Fred Weir

The T-KED Method for Marking Textbooks and Articles

T = Thesis

K = Key Idea

E = Examples

D = Details

T (again!)

Annotate As You Read

Codes You Can Use      

Example of Using T-KED, Highlighting, and Codes as You Read

Use the Critical Thinking Checklist

PART II:  WRITING EXPOSITORY PARAGRAPHS AND ESSAYS

Chapter 3:  Writing Expository Paragraphs

Paragraph to Essay

Paragraph to Essay: Pattern Similarities

Writing Expository Paragraphs

The Topic Sentence

Support and Analysis

The Concluding Sentence

Model Paragraph

Paragraph Structure

Sample Paragraph

Self and Peer Assessment        

Paragraph Checklist: Self-Assessment Version   

Paragraph Checklist: Peer-Assessment Version  

Chapter 4: Essays: Building Blocks

Expository Essays

The Essay Format

The Building Blocks of an Expository Essay

Essay Title

Title Format

Introductory Paragraph(s)

Opening Line(s)/Attention Grabber

General Background on the Topic

Thesis Statement

Body Paragraphs

Topic Sentence

Support for Your Topic Sentence

Concluding Sentence

Providing Support in the Best Way

Concluding Paragraph

Putting It All Together

Checklist for the Building Blocks

Chapter 5:  Essays: Process

Planning and Writing Expository Essays

Subject, Purpose, and Audience

Narrowing Subject to a Topic

Purpose and Approach

Assessing Your Audience

A Ten-Step Guide for Writing an Expository Essay

Generate Ideas and Prewrite

Step One: Generate Ideas

Step Two: Organize Your Ideas

Step Three: Establish Your Topic, Purpose, and Audience

Write a First Draft

Step Four: Start Your First Draft

Revise

Step Five: Reorganize for Order, Unity, Coherence, and Sentence Variety

Step Six: Fine-Tune Thesis and Topic Sentences

Step Seven: Provide Support—Add More Examples, Details, and Analysis

Proofread and Edit

Step Eight: Check Spelling

Step Nine: Check Word Usage, Word Choices, Tone, and Style

Step Ten: Check for Sentence-Level Errors

Revision Checklist

A Sample Essay: Modeling the Process

Step One: Prewriting

Step Two: Organizing

Step Three: Drafting

Step Four: Revision

Step Five: Editing

The Final Version

Self- and Peer Assessment of Writing

Chapter 6:  Essays: Order, Unity, and Coherence

Types of Order

Time Order

Order of Importance

Spatial Order

Unity and the Art of Achieving Coherence with Transitions

Unity

Coherence and Transitions

Perfecting Your Essay’s Order of Development

Outline Format

Guidelines for Writing an Outline

Sample Outline

Critical Thinking Questions to Ask as You Design Your Outline

Outline Critique Form

Part III:  Writing and Critical Thinking in the Modes

Essay Modes

Choosing the Right Approach

Chapter 7:  Narration

Narration Essays

Critical Thinking and Narration

Before Writing a Narrative Essay

Writing a Narrative Essay

Structuring a Narration Essay

Topic

Thesis Statements

Introductory Paragraph

Body Paragraphs

Concluding Paragraph

Dialogue

Narration Essay Critique Form

Complementary Modes for Narration Essays

Sample Student Essay

Reading:  “Only Daughter” by Sandra Cisneros

Spotlight on Critical Thinking and Narration

Chapter 8:  Description

Description Essays

Critical Thinking and Description

Before Writing a Descriptive Essay

Writing a Descriptive Essay

Structuring a Descriptive Essay

Topic

Thesis Statements

Introductory Paragraph

Body Paragraphs

Concluding Paragraph

Complementary Modes for Descriptive Essays

Description Essay Critique Form

Sample Student Essay

Reading:  “More Room” by Judith Ortiz Cofer

Spotlight on Critical Thinking and Description

Chapter 9:  Process

Process Essays

Critical Thinking and Process

Before Writing a Process Essay

Writing a Process Essay

Structuring a Process Essay

Topic

Thesis Statements

Introductory Paragraph

Body Paragraphs

Concluding Paragraph

Process Essay Critique Form

Complementary Modes for Process Essays

Sample Student Essay

Reading:  “Making the Pitch in Print Advertising” by Courtland L. Bovée, John V. Thill, George P. Dovel, and Marian Burk Wood

Spotlight on Critical Thinking and Process

Chapter 10:  Classification

Classification Essays

Critical Thinking and Classification

Before Writing a Classification Essay

Writing a Classification Essay

Structuring a Classification Essay

Topic

Thesis Statements

Introductory Paragraph

Body Paragraphs

Concluding Paragraph

Classification Essay Critique Form

Complementary Modes for Classification Essays

Sample Student Essay

Reading:  “Race in America” by George Henderson

Spotlight on Critical Thinking and Classification

Chapter 11:  Definition

Definition Essays

Critical Thinking and Definition

Before Writing a Definition Essay

Writing a Definition Essay

Structuring a Definition Essay

Topic

Thesis Statements

Introductory Paragraph

Body Paragraphs

Concluding Paragraph

Definition Essay Critique Form

Complementary Modes for Definition Essays

Sample Student Essay

Reading: “Discrimination Is a Virtue” by Robert Keith Miller

Spotlight on Critical Thinking and Definition

Chapter 12:  Example and Illustration

Example Essays

Critical Thinking and Example

Before Writing an Example Essay

Writing an Example Essay

Structuring an Example Essay

Topic

Thesis Statements

Introductory Paragraph

Body Paragraphs

Concluding Paragraph

Example Essay Critique Form

Complementary Modes for Example Essays

Sample Student Essay

Reading:   “Fairy Tales and Modern Stories” by Bruno Bettleheim

Spotlight on Critical Thinking and Illustration

Chapter 13:  Cause and Effect

Cause and Effect Essays

Critical Thinking and Cause and Effect

Before Writing a Cause and Effect Essay

Writing a Cause and Effect Essay

Structuring a Cause and Effect Essay

Topic

Thesis Statements

Introductory Paragraph

Body Paragraphs

Concluding Paragraph

Cause and Effect Essay Critique Form

Complementary Modes for Cause and Effect Essays

Student Sample Essay

Reading:  “The Columbine Syndrome: Boys and the Fear of Violence” by William S. Pollack

Spotlight on Critical Thinking and Cause and Effect

Chapter 14:  Comparison and Contrast

Comparison and Contrast Essays

Critical Thinking and Comparison and Contrast

Before Writing a Comparison/Contrast Essay

Writing a Comparison/Contrast Essay

Subject-by-Subject Organization Pattern

Point-by-Point Organization Pattern

Structuring a Comparison/Contrast Essay

Topic

Thesis Statements

Introductory Paragraph

Body Paragraphs

Concluding Paragraph

Comparison/Contrast Essay Critique Form

Complementary Modes for Comparison/Contrast Essays

Student Sample Essay

Reading:           “American Space, Chinese Place” by Yi-Fu Tuan

Spotlight on Critical Thinking and Comparison/Contrast

Chapter 15:  Argument and Persuasion

Argument and Persuasion Essays

Critical Thinking and Argument

Before Writing an Argument Essay

Writing an Argument Essay

Errors in Logic When Constructing Arguments

Logical Fallacies

Structuring Your Argument Essay

Topic

Introductory Paragraph

Thesis Statements

Body Paragraphs

Concluding Paragraph

Argument Essay Critique Form

Complementary Modes for Argument Essays

Sample Student Essay

Reading: “Can You Be Educated From a Distance?” by James Barszcz

Spotlight on Critical Thinking and Argument

Chapter 16:  Timed In-Class Essays and Essay Exams

Strategies for Taking Essay Exams or Timed Essays

Critical Thinking and Timed Essays

Before the Essay Exam or Timed Essay

Study and Prepare in Advance

During the Essay Exam or Timed Essay

Common Terms Used in Writing Prompts

Revision Checklist

Practice with Timed In-Class Essays and Essay Exams

Spotlight on Critical Thinking and Timed Essays

PART IV:  USING SOURCES WITH INTEGRITY

Chapter 17:  Paraphrase, Summary, and Analysis

Paraphrase

Six Steps for Paraphrasing Material

Sample Paraphrase

Checklist for a Good Paraphrase

Summary

Eight Steps for Writing a Summary

Sample Summary

Checklist for a Good Summary

Combining Summary and Analysis

Steps 9 and 10 for Writing Critical Analysis

Sample Critical Analysis

The Ice Cream Sandwich: Framing Facts and Sources

Chapter 18:  Finding, Evaluating, and Using Sources

Critical Thinking and the Research Process

Documented Papers and Research Papers

Before Starting Research

Finding, Evaluating, and Integrating Sources

Finding Sources

Evaluating Potential Sources

Integrating Sources into Your Paper

The Analytical Ice Cream Sandwich Revisited

Twelve Steps for Writing a Research or Documented Paper

Twelve Steps Checklist

Plagiarism

How to Avoid Plagiarism and Accidental Plagiarism

Guidelines for Accurately Recording Source Information

Chapter 19:  Documentation: Using Modern Language Association (MLA) Format

Using Modern Language Association (MLA) Format

Formatting Your Paper

Incorporating Quotations

Indicating Editorial Information

In-Text Citations

Print Sources

Electronic Sources

Compiling a Works Cited List

Formatting Your Works Cited Page

Format for the Most Common Works Cited Entries

Endnotes

Formatting Your Endnotes Page

Typing and Word Processing Tips

Sample Documented Student Paper

PART V:  READINGS AND VISUALS FOR THINKING AND WRITING

Chapter 20:  Analyzing Visuals

Visual Communication and Critical Thinking

Thinking and Writing Critically About Visuals

Being a Visual Detective: Asking Questions

Types of Visuals

Photographs

TV and Film

Advertisements

Sculptures, Drawings, and Paintings

Visual Detective Checklist

Chapter 21:  Writing About Stories and Essays

Writing About Essays and Stories

Structure of an Analysis Essay

Introductory Paragraph

Body Paragraphs

Concluding Paragraph

Analytical Essay Critique Form

Sample Student Story Analysis Essay

Chapter 22:  Reading Selections and Critical Thinking Tasks

“A Whole Lot of Cheatin’ Going On” by Mark Clayton

 “Just Walk On By”: A Black Man Ponders His Power to Alter Public Space by Brent Staples

“One Man’s Kids” by Daniel R. Meier

“The Discus Thrower” by Richard Selzer

“Supersize Me” by Greg Critser

“A Hanging” by George Orwell

“I Wonder: Was It Me or Was It My Sari?” by Shoba Narayan

“Still Hungry, Still Homeless America” Magazine

“All the Rage” by Dave Barry

“Barbie Madness” by Cynthia Tucker

“Our Tired, Our Poor, Our Kids” by Anna Quindlen

PART VI:  SENTENCE CONSTRUCTIONS AND COMMON SENTENCE ERRORS

Chapter 23:  Sentence Parts

The Basic Building Blocks of Sentences

Subjects and Predicates

Subjects

Predicates

Verb Tense at a Glance

Inside the Predicate: Objects

Phrases

Prepositional Phrases

Participles and Participial Phrases

Adjectives and Adjective Phrases

Adverbs and Adverb Phrases

Articles and Noun Determiners

Other Noun Determiners

Conjunctions

Coordinating Conjunctions

Subordinating Conjunctions

Conjunctive Adverbs

Chapter 24:  Sentence Variety

Coordination and Subordination

Coordination

Subordination

Sentence Types

Sentence Purposes

Sentence Structures

Sentence Variety

Chapter 25:  Correcting Major Sentence Errors

Fragments

Identifying Sentence Fragments

Correcting Sentence Fragments

Run-Ons and Comma Splices

Correcting Run-Ons or Comma Splices

PART VII : HANDBOOK OF GRAMMAR, MECHANICS, AND STYLE

Chapter 26:  Commas, Semicolons, and Colons

Commas

Five Comma Rules

Semicolons and Colons

The Semicolon

The Colon

Chapter 27:       Other Punctuation

End Punctuation

Period

Question Mark

Exclamation Point

Apostrophes

Apostrophes and Contractions

Apostrophes and Possession

Apostrophes and Plurals

Apostrophes and Missing Letters or Numbers

Quotation Marks

Punctuation and Quotation Marks

Parentheses

Hyphens

Dashes

Slashes

Ellipses

Brackets

Chapter 28:      Common Shift And Construction Errors

Point-of-View Shifts

The Three Points of View

Avoid Unwarranted Point-of-View Shifts

Subject–Verb Agreement

Pronoun Agreement

Pronoun Reference Errors

Types of Pronoun Reference Errors

Faulty Parallelism

Dangling and Misplaced Modifiers

Dangling Modifiers

Misplaced Modifiers

Passive Voice Construction

Chapter 29: Spelling And Mechanics

Ten Tips for Spelling Improvement

The Rewards and Dangers of Spell-Check

Commonly Confused Words

Tips for Using a Dictionary

Anatomy of a Dictionary Entry

Tips for Using a Thesaurus

Anatomy of a Thesaurus Entry

Capitalization

Capitalization Basics

Numbers

Abbreviations

Chapter 30:  Tone, Style, Word Choice, And Usage

Thinking Critically About Tone and Style

Formal Style and Tone vs. Academese

Word Choice

Slang

Jargon

Dialect

Foreign Words

Idioms

Clichés

Avoiding Sexist Language

Use Gender-Specific Terms Only When Appropriate

Don’t Assume an Occupation Is Exclusively Male/Female

Use Parallel Terms for Men and Women

Ten Useful ESL Tips for Non-Native Speakers

Tip 1: Check for Count vs. Noncount Nouns

Tip 2: Check for Article Use and Definite vs. Indefinite Articles

Tip 3: Choose the Right Preposition or Prepositional Phrase

Tip 4: Avoid Mixing Subordination and Coordination

Tip 5: Be Sure to Use Subject Pronouns

Tip 6: Use It or There Correctly with Deferred Subjects

Tip 7: Be Familiar with Verbal Phrases and Idioms

Tip 8: Check Your Infinitive and Gerund Verb Uses

Tip 9: Be Careful About Commonly Confused Words

Tip 10: Use a Good Second-Language Dictionary and Use It Well

Chapter 31:  Vocabulary in Context

Vocabulary Building

Five Tips for Building Your Vocabulary

Syllables

Pronunciation

Critical Thinking and Context Clues

Using Context Clues

Chapter 32:  Grammar Points To Remember And Practice For Non-Native Speakers

Articles

Single Word Modifiers

Pronouns

Subject Pronouns

Object Pronouns

Possessive Pronouns

Reflexive Pronouns

Relative Pronouns

Prepositions

Other Sentence Structure Points to Remember: Gerunds and Infinitives

Verbs

Function of Verbs

Simple Present Tense

Present Progressive Tense

Simple Past Tense

Present Perfect Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Passive Voice

Credits

Index

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