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Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum Plus MyLab Writing with eText -- Access Card Package, 12th Edition

By Laurence Behrens, Leonard J. Rosen

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Jul 13, 2014

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Remaining one of the best-selling interdisciplinary composition texts for over twenty-five years, Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum helps readers  learn to write effectively for college.


This rhetoric and reader guides students through the essential college-level writing skills of summary, critique, synthesis, and analysis. A brand new section called Short Takes bridges the gap between writing instruction and readings with a series of step-by-step exercises. The anthology in Part III provides a wide range of carefully-selected, cross-disciplinary readings, including two new chapters on rumor and advertising.

Table of Contents

Preface for Instructors

A Note to the Student


PART I How to Write Summaries, Critiques, Syntheses, and Analyses

Chapter 1–Summary, Paraphrase, and Quotation

What Is a Summary?

Can a Summary Be Objective?

Using the Summary

  BOX: Where Do We Find Written Summaries?

The Reading Process

  BOX: Critical Reading for Summary

How to Write Summaries

  BOX: Guidelines for Writing Summaries

Demonstration: Summary

  Will Your Job Be Exported?–Alan S. Blinder

  Read, Reread, Highlight

  Divide into Stages of Thought

  Write a Brief Summary of Each Stage of Thought

  Write a Thesis: A Brief Summary of the Entire Passage

  Write the First Draft of the Summary

    Summary 1: Combine Thesis Sentence with Brief Section Summaries

  The Strategy of the Shorter Summary

    Summary 2: Combine Thesis Sentence, Section Summaries, and Carefully Chosen Details

  The Strategy of the Longer Summary

How Long Should a Summary Be?

  Exercise 1.1: Individual and Collaborative Summary Practice

Summarizing Figures and Tables

  Bar Graphs

  Exercise 1.2: Summarizing Graphs

  Pie Charts

  Exercise 1.3: Summarizing Pie Charts

  Line Graphs

  Exercise 1.4: Summarizing Line Graphs


  Exercise 1.5: Summarizing Tables


  BOX: How to Write Paraphrases

  Exercise 1.6: Paraphrasing


  Choosing Quotations

    Quoting Memorable Language

  BOX: When to Quote

    Quoting Clear and Concise Language

    Quoting Authoritative Language

  Incorporating Quotations into Your Sentences

    Quoting Only the Part of a Sentence or Paragraph That You Need

    Incorporating the Quotation into the Flow of Your Own Sentence

    Avoiding Freestanding Quotations

  Exercise 1.7: Incorporating Quotations

    Using Ellipses

    Using Brackets to Add or Substitute Words

  BOX: When to Summarize, Paraphrase, and Quote

  Exercise 1.8: Using Brackets

  BOX: Incorporating Quotations into Your Sentences

Avoiding Plagiarism

  BOX: Rules for Avoiding Plagiarism


Chapter 2–Critical Reading and Critique

Critical Reading

  Question 1: To What Extent Does the Author Succeed in His or Her Purpose?

  BOX: Where Do We Find Written Critiques?

  Writing to Inform

    Evaluating Informative

    Writing Writing to Persuade

  Exercise 2.1: Informative and Persuasive Thesis Statements

    Evaluating Persuasive Writing

  The Moon We Left Behind–Charles Krauthammer

  Exercise 2.2: Critical Reading Practice

    Persuasive Strategies

    Logical Argumentation: Avoiding Logical Fallacies

  BOX: Tone

  Exercise 2.3: Understanding Logical Fallacies

  Writing to Entertain

  Question 2: To What Extent Do You Agree with the Author?

    Identify Points of Agreement and Disagreement

  Exercise 2.4: Exploring Your Viewpoints–in Three Paragraphs

    Explore the Reasons for Agreement and Disagreement: Evaluate Assumptions

    Inferring and Implying Assumptions

    An Example of Hidden Assumptions from the World of Finance


  How to Write Critiques

  BOX: Guidelines for Writing Critiques

Demonstration: Critique

  To What Extent Does the Author Succeed in His or Her Purpose?

  To What Extent Do You Agree with the Author? Evaluate Assumptions

  Model Critique: A Critique of Charles Krauthammer's "The Moon We Left Behind"- Andrew Harlan

  Exercise 2.3: Informal Critique of the Model Critique

  BOX: Critical Reading for Critique

  The Strategy of the Critique


Chatper 3 Thesis, Introduction, Conclusion

Writing a Thesis

  The Components of a Thesis

    Making an Assertion

    Starting with a Working Thesis

    Using the Thesis to Plan a Structure

  BOX: How Ambitious Should Your Thesis Be?

  Exercise 3.1: Drafting Thesis Statements



  Historical Review

  Review of a Controversy

  From the General to the Specific

  Anecdote and Illustration: From the Specific to the General


  Statement of thesis

  Exercise 3.2: Introductions


  Statement of the Subject's Significance

  Call for Further Research

  Solution/ Recommendation





  Exercise 3.3: Drafting Conclusions


Chapter 4 Explanatory Synthesis

What is a Synthesis?

  Summary and Critique as a Basis for Synthesis

  Inference as a Basis for Synthesis: Moving Beyond Summary and Critique


  Example: Same Sources, Different Uses

  BOX: Where Do We Find Written Syntheses?

Using Your Sources

Types of Syntheses: Explanatory and Argument

    Explanation: News Article from the New York Times

  While Warning About Fat, U.S. Pushes Cheese Sales- Michael Moss

    Argument: Editorial from the Boston Globe

  Got Too Much Cheeses?- Derrick Z. Jackson

    What Are Genetically Modified (GM) Foods?

 Genetically Modified Foods and Organisms- The United States Department of Energy

  Why a GM Freeze?- The GM Freeze Company

How to Write Syntheses

  BOX: Guidelines for Writing Syntheses 

The Explanatory Syhtesis

Demonstration: Explanatory Synthesis- Going Up? An Elevator ride to Space

  Exercise 4.1: Exploring the Topic

  The History of the Space Elevator- P.K. Aravind

  Applications of the Space Elevator- Bradley C. Edwards

  Going Up- Brad Lemley

  Consider Your Purpose

  Exercise 4.2: Critical Reading for Synthesis

  Formulate a Thesis

  Decide How You Will Use Your Source Material

  Develop and Orgnizational Plan

   Summary Statements

  Write the Topic Sentences

  BOX: Organize a Synthesis by Idea, Not by Source

  Write Your Synthesis

Explanatory Synthesis: First Draft

  Revise Your Synthesis: Global, Local, and Surface Revisions

  Revising the First Draft: Highlights




  Exercise 4.3: Revising the Explanatory Synthesis

  Model Explanatory Synthesis: Going Up? An Elevator Ride to Space- Sheldon Kearney

  BOX: Critical Reading for Synthesis


Chapter 5 Argument Synthesis

What Is an Argument Synthesis?

  The Elements of Argument: Claim, Support, and Assumption

   Exercise 5.1: Practicing Claim, Support, and Assumption

  The Three Appeals of Argument: Logos, Ethos, Pathos


  Exercise 5.2: Using Deductive and Inductive Logic


   Exercise 5.3: Using Ethos


  Exercise 5.4: Using Pathos

  The Limits of Argument

    Fruitful Topics for Argument

Demonstration: Developing an Argument Synthesis- Balancing Privacy and Safety in the Wake of Virginia Tech

  Mass Shootings at Virginia Tech, April 16, 2007- Report of the Review Panel

  Laws Limit Schools Even After Alarms- Jeff Gammage and Stacey Bluring

  Perilous Privacy at Virginia Tech- Christian Science Moniter Colleges

  Are Watching Troubled students- Jeffrey McMurray

  The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)

  Exercise 5.5: Critical Readings for Synthesis

  Consider Your Purpose

  Making a Claim: Formulate a Thesis

  Decide How You Will Use Your Source Material

  Develop an Organizational Plan

  Formulate an Argument Strategy

  Draft and Revise Your Synthesis

  Model Argument Synthesis: Balancing Privacy and Safety in the Wake of Virginia Tech- David Harrison

  The Strategy of the Argument Synthesis

Developing and Organizing the Support for Your Arguments

  Summarize, Paraphrase, and Quote Supporting Evidence

  Provide Various Types of Evidence and Motivational Appeals

  Use Climactic order

  Use Logical or Conventional Order

  Present and Respond to Counterarguments

  Use Concession

  BOX: Developing and Organizing the Support for Your Arguments

  Avoid Common Fallacies in Developing and using Support

The Comparison-and-Contrast Synthesis

  Organizing Comparison-and-Contrast Syntheses

    Organizing by Source or Subject

    Organizing by Criteria

  Exercise 5.6: Comparing and Contrasting

A Case for Comparison-and-Contrast: World War I and World War II

  Comparison-and-Contrast Organized by Criteria

  Model Exam Response

  The Strategy of the Exam Response

Summary of Synthesis Chapters


Chapter 6 Analysis

What Is an Analysis?

  BOX: Where Do We Find Written Analyses?

How to Write Analyses

  The Plug-In Drug- Marie Winn

  Exercise 6.1: Reading Critically: Winn

  Locate and Appply an Analytic Tool

    Locate an Analytic Tool

    Apply the Analytic Tool

    Analysis Across the Curriculum

  BOX: Guidelines for Writing Analyses

  Formulate a Thesis

  Develop an Organizational Plan

    Turning Key Elements of a Principle or a Definition into Questions

    Developing the Paragraph-by-Paragraph Logic of Your Paper

  Draft and Revise Your Analysis

    Write an Analysis, Not a Summary

    Make your Analysis Systematic 

    Answer the "So What?" Question

    Attribute Sources Appropriately

  BOX: Critical reading for Analysis

  When Your Perspective Guides the Analysis

Demonstration: Analysis

  Model Analysis: The Case of the Missing Kidney: An Analysis of Rumor- Lisa Shanker

  Exercise 6.2: Informal Analysis of the Model Analysis

The Strategy of the Analysis Part II Brief Takes


Part II Brief Takes

Chapter 7 Artifical intelligence

Read; Prepare to Write

  BOX: Group Assignment #1: Make a Topic List

  BOX: Group Assignment #2: Create a Topic Web

  Toward an Intelligence Beyond Man's- Robert Jastrow

  The AI Revolution Is On- Steven Levy

  Computer Wins on 'Jeopardy!': Trivial, It's Not- John Markoff

  Watson Doesn't Know It Won on 'Jeopardy!'- John Searle

  What Did Watson the Computer Do?- Stanley Fish

  Watson Is Far from Elementary- Stephen Baker



Explanatory Synthesis



Alternate Assignment for Argument


Chapter 8 Fairy Tales: A Close Look at "Cinderella"

Read; Prepare to Write

  BOX: Group Assignment #1: make a Topic List

  BOX: Group Assignment #2: Create a Topic Web

  An Introduction to Fairy Tales- maria Tatar

Five Variants of "Cinderella"

  Cinderella- Charles Perrault

  Cinderella- Jakob and Willhelm Grimm

  Oochigeaskw- The Rough-Faced Girl (a Native American "Cinderella")

  Walt Disney's "Cinderella"- Adapted by Campbell Grant

  Cinderella- Anne Sexton



Explanatory Synthesis




Chapter 9 The Roar of the Tiger Mom

Read; Prepare to Write

  BOX: Group Assignment #1: Make a Topic List

  BOX: Group Assignment #2: Create a Topic Web

  Why Chinese Mothers Are Superior- Amy Chua

  Mother Inferior?- Hanna Rosin

  Amy Chua Is a Wimp- David Brooks

  In the Eye of the Tiger- Meghan Daum

  Tiger Mom vs. Tiger Mailroom -Patrick Goldstein

  America's Top Parent- Elizabeth Kolbert

  In Defense of Being a Kid- James Bernard Murphy



Explanatory Synthesis




Part III An Anthology of Readings

Chapter 10 The Changing Landscape of Work in the Twenty-First Century

Prospect for Graduates

  A Post-College Flow Chart of Misery and Pain- Jenaa Brager

  Many with New College Degree Find Jon Market Humbling- Chaterine Rampell

  Job Outlook for College Graduates Slowly Improving- Lacey Johnson

Data on the Job Market

  College Majors, Unemployment and Earnings: Not all College Degrees are Created Equal- Anthony P. Carnevale, Ban Cheah, and Jeff Strohl

  Employment Projections: 2010- 2020 Summary- U.S. Bureau of Labor and Statistics

Work and Identity

  No Long Term: New Work and the Corrosion of Character- Richard Sennett

Trends Affecting Work

  Making It in American- Adam Davidson

  Will Your Job Be Exported? (Summary)- Alan S. Blinder

  Is Your Job and Endangered Species?- Andy Kessler

  Degrees and Dollars- Paul Krugman

Synthesis Activities

Researcg Activities


Chapter 11 Have you Heard This? The Latest on Rumor

  The Gossips- Norman Rockwell


  Truth Is in the Ear of the Beholder- Gregory Rodriguez

  What Cost Chris Dussold His Dream Job?- Thomas Bartlett

  Fighting That Old Devil Rumor- Sandra Salmans

  A Psychology of Rumor- Roger H. Knapp

  “Paul is Dead!” (said Fred)- Alan Glenn

Political  Smear Rumors: Three Case Studies

  In Untruths About Obama, Echoes of a Distant Time- Samuel G. Freedman

  The Anatomy Of a Msear campaignL The Case of John McCain- Richard H. Davis

  A Lie Races Across Twitter before the Truth Can Boot Up- Jeremy Peters

  How Rumors Help Us Make Sense of an Uncertain World- Nicholas DiFonzo

  Rumor Cascades and Group Polarization- Cass R. Sunstein

  Managing Rumors- John Doorley and Helio Fred Garcia

  The Rumor- John Updike

Synthesis Activites

Research Activites


Chapter 12 The Pursuit of Happiness

  Pig Happiness- Lynne McFall

  In Pursuit of Happiness- Mark Kingwell

  A Balanced Psychology and a Full Life- Martin E. P. Seligman, Acacia C. Parks, and Tracy Steen

  Some Dark Thoughts on Happiness- Jennifer Senior

  Finding Flow- Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

  If Money Doesn’t Make You Happy, Then You Probably Aren’t Spending It Right- Elizabeth W. Dunn, Daniel T. Gilbert, and Timothy D. Wilson

  Happy Like God- Simon Critchley

  A Critique of positive Psychology- Richard Schoch

  Happiness: Enough Already- Sharon Begley

  Happiness- Jane Kenyon

  The Good Life- Yi-Fu Tuan

  From Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance- Robert M/ Prisig

Synthesis Activites

Research Activites


Chapter 13 Green Power

  Going Green: a Wedge Issue

  National Security Consequences of U.S. Oil Dependence- Report of an independent Task Force

  The Dangerous Delusions of Energy Independence- Robert Bryce

A Debate on the Future of Nuclear Power, Post-Fukushima

  The Future of Nukes, and of Japan- Holman W. Jenkins, Jr.

  No Fail-Safe Option- Eugene Robinson

  Why I Still Support Nuclear Power, Even After Fukushima- William Tucker

  If the Japanese Can’t Build a Safe Reacter, Who Can?- Anne Applebaum

Solar Power

  State Solar Power Plans Are as Big as All Outdoors- Marla Dickerson

  Here Comes the Sun- Paul Krugman

  Solar Is Getting Cheaper, But How Far Can It Go?- Brad Plumer

Wind Power

  The Island in the Wind- Elizabeth Kolbert

  Wind Power Puffer- H. Sterling Burnett

Electric Cars

  The Great Electric Car Experiment- Daniel Yergin

  Why the Gasoline Engine Isn’t Going Away Any Time Soon- Joseph B. White

Synthesis Activites

Research Activites


Chapter 14 New and Improved: Six Decades of Advertising

  Advertising’s Fifteen Basic Appeals- Jib Fowles

  Making the Pitch in Print Advertising- Courtland Bovee, John V. Thill, George P. Dovel, and Marian Burk Wood

  Selling Happiness: Two Pitches from Mad Men

  A Portfolio of Print Advertisements

  A Portfolio of TV Commercials

Synthesis Activites

Research Activites


Chapter 15 Obedience to Authority

  Disobedience as a Psychological and Moral Problem- Erich Fronman

  The Power of Situations- Lee Ross and Richard E. Nisbett

  The Perils of Obedience- Stanley Milgram

  The Power Trip- Jonah Lehrer

  The Follower Problem- David Brooks

  Group Minds- Doris Lessing

  Opinions and Social Pressure- Soloman E. Asch

  Prisoner and Guard: The Stanford Expirement

Synthesis Activites

Research Activites


Video Links Online Videos Linked to Chpater 1-15



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