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Fundamentals of Music: Rudiments, Musicianship, and Composition, 6th Edition

By Earl Henry, Jennifer Snodgrass, Susan piagentini

Published by Pearson

Published Date: Mar 2, 2012

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Mastering Fundamentals in a Musical Context


Fundamentals of Music provides a clear and comprehensive approach to mastering the language of music. The authors invite students to create composition projects, develop aural skills through listening exercises, and analyze musical examples from various styles and genres.


With two new authors, this text has been thoroughly revised and expanded, yet maintains the intent of its original author Earl Henry. 


A better teaching and learning experience

This program will provide a better teaching and learning experience— for you and your students. Here’s how:

  • Improve Critical Thinking — Each of the 13 chapters divide into five main areas allowing students to learn terms and symbols and expand their listening skills. Exercises encourage students to apply concepts to a piece of music at the conclusion of each chapter. 
  •  Engage Students — Each chapter concludes with a number of creative exercises and projects allowing students to learn interactively. With the audio CD, students can polish their aural skills using the drills designed specifically to accompany the text.
  • Support Instructors — A full Instructor’s Manual is available for this text. Additional assessment is made available through Exposition Music.





Table of Contents

In this Section:

1. Brief Table of Contents

2. Full Table of Contents



Chapter 1   Notating Rhythm

Chapter 2   Notating Pitch

Chapter 3   The Keyboard

Chapter 4   Simple Meters

Chapter 5   Major Scales and Keys

Chapter 6   Intervals

Chapter 7   Compound Meters

Chapter 8   Minor Scales and Keys

Chapter 9   Introduction to Form

Chapter 10 Triads

Chapter 11 Chords and Symbols

Chapter 12 Tonality

Chapter 13 Harmonization



Chapter 1 Notating Rhythm

Essential Terms and Symbols

Traditional Western Music


The Notation of Rhythm

Note Values

Rest Values


Time Signatures

Calligraphy: Note and Rest Values

Smaller Rhythmic Values

A Step Further: Larger and Smaller Note Values

Calligraphy: Eighths and Sixteenths

The Dot

The Tie

Flags and Beams

Building Skills

Creative Projects

Analysis in Context


Chapter 2 Notating Pitch

Essential Terms and Symbols

The Staff

The Clef

Stem Direction

Tricks of the Trade: Learning the “ABCs”

Ledger Lines

Calligraphy: Clefs and Ledger Lines

The Octave

The Grand Staff

Musicianship 2-1

Building Skills

Creative Projects

Analysis in Context


Chapter 3 The Keyboard

Essential Terms and Symbols

The Keyboard

Octave Designation

Musicianship 3-1


The Sharp

The Flat

The Natural Sign

Double Sharps and Double Flats

Enharmonic Equivalents

Diatonic Pitches

Diatonic and Chromatic Half Steps

Musicianship 3-2

Calligraphy: Notating Accidentals

Building Skills

Creative Projects

Analysis in Context


Chapter 4 Simple Meters

Essential Terms and Symbols

Metric Accent

Triple Meter

Duple Meter

Quadruple Meter

Rest Notation

Tricks of the Trade: Using Counting Syllables

Musicianship 4-1

Beat Division and Subdivision

Meters with an Eighth-Note Beat

Alla Breve and Common Time

A Step Further: Conducting


Calligraphy: Beaming

Tricks of the Trade: Counting Syllables

Equivalent Meters

Musicianship 4-2

Building Skills

Creative Projects

Analysis in Context


Chapter 5 Major Scales and Keys

Essential Terms and Symbols

The Major Scales

Scale Degrees

Musicianship 5-1

Transposing Major Scales

Musicianship 5-2

Major Keys

Key Signature

Order of Sharps and Flats

Major Key Signatures

The Circle of Fifths

Tricks of the Trade: Learning Key Signatures

Musicianship 5-3

Building Skills

Creative Projects

Analysis in Context


Chapter 6 Intervals

Essential Terms

Interval Size

Musicianship 6-1

Interval Quality

Perfect Intervals

Understanding Quality by Major-Scale Comparison

Musicianship 6-2

A Step Further: Doubly Augmented and Diminished Intervals

Major/Minor Intervals

Guidelines for Interval Construction and Identification

Musicianship 6-3

Interval Inversion

Writing Intervals Below a Given Pitch

Building Skills

Creative Projects

Analysis in Context


Chapter 7 Compound Meters

Essential Terms and Symbols

Note Values in Compound Meters

Compound Time Signatures

Beat Subdivision

Tricks of the Trade: Meter Signatures

Calligraphy: Beaming in Compound Meters

Tricks of the Trade: Counting in Compound Meters

Musicianship 7-1

Borrowed Division

Tricks of the Trade: Counting the Borrowed Division

Musicianship 7-2

Building Skills

Creative Projects

Analysis in Context


Chapter 8 Minor Scales and Keys

Essential Terms

Major and Minor Modes

Minor Scales

The Parallel Relationship

Minor Key Signatures

The Relative Relationship

Tricks of the Trade: Parallel Major and Minor Keys

Musicianship 8-1

Variations in Minor

Natural Minor

Harmonic Minor

Melodic Minor

Musicianship 8-2

Musicianship 8-3

Building Skills

Creative Projects

Analysis in Context


Chapter 9 Introduction to Form

Essential Terms and Symbols

Building Phrases

Unifying and Extending Phrases





The Period

Phrase Group

Double Period

Other Forms

Verse and Refrain

Thirty-Two Bar Song Form

Building Skills

Creative Projects

Analysis in Context


Chapter 10 Triads

Essential Terms

Triad Quality

Major and Minor Triads

Musicianship 10-1

Diminished and Augmented Triads

Identifying and Constructing Triads

Triads and Stability

Musicianship 10-2

Inverted Triads

First and Second Inversions

Musicianship 10-3

Constructing Triads with Given Third or Fifth

Triads with Given Third

Triads with Given Fifth

Musicianship 10-4

Building Skills

Creative Projects

Analysis in Context


Chapter 11 Chords and Symbols

Essential Terms and Symbols

Triad and Chord Identification


Identifying Chords


Musicianship 11-1

Chord Symbols

Roman-Numeral Analysis

Diatonic Triads in Major Keys

Figured-Bass Symbols

Musicianship 11-2

Diatonic Triads in Minor Keys

Building Skills

Creative Projects

Analysis in Context


Chapter 12 Tonality

Essential Terms



A Step Further: Improvisation


Melodic Tendency

Musicianship 12-1

Harmonic Function

Tonic, Predominant, and Dominant Functions

Harmonic Dissonance

Seventh Chords

Other Types of Seventh Chords and Symbols

Musicianship 12-2

Building Skills

Creative Projects

Analysis in Context


Chapter 13 Harmonization

Essential Terms


Harmonic Cadences

Planning Cadences in a Melody

Harmonic Rhythm

Planning Harmonic Rhythm in a Harmonization

Harmonizing a Melody

Nonchord Tones

Vocal Ranges

Keys and Transposition

Planning the Harmony

Issues in Jazz and Popular Styles

A Step Further: Copyright

Musicianship 13-1

Building Skills

Creative Projects

Analysis in Context



Appendix A: The Nature of Sound

Essential Terms

Sound Waves

Amplitude and Intensity

Timbre and Quality

The Harmonic Series

Duration and Length

Appendix B: Terms and Symbols of Tempo and Expression

Essential Terms




Short Glossary of Italian Terms

Appendix C: The C Clefs

Essential Terms

Alto and Tenor Clefs

Building Skills

Appendix D: Answers to Ear Training Exercises

Appendix E: Modes and Other Scales

The Modes

Other Modes and Scales

Building Skills

Creative Projects



Enhance your learning experience with text-specific study materials.

Purchase Info

ISBN-10: 0-205-11833-X

ISBN-13: 978-0-205-11833-5

Format: Book

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